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Delta Junction

Delta Junction

  •   State: 
    Southeast Fairbanks Census Area
    Delta Junction
      County FIPS: 
    64°02′52″N 145°43′07″W
      Area total: 
    13.90 sq mi (36.00 km²)
      Area land: 
    13.88 sq mi (35.95 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.02 sq mi (0.05 km²)
    1,158 ft (353 m)
    1960; Incorporated December 1960
  •   Latitude: 
    Alaska Standard Time (AKST) UTC-9:00; Alaska Daylight (AKDT) UTC-8:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Delta Junction, Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    66.14 residents per square mile of area (25.54/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 

Delta Junction (Ukrainian: -, romanized: Delta Dzhankshen) is a city in Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 958, up from 840 in 2000. The city is located a short distance south of the confluence of the Delta River with the Tanana River, which is at Big Delta. It is about 160 km (99 mi) south of Fairbanks. Native inhabitants are Tanana Athabaskans, who have lived in the area for at least 10,000 years. In 1928, a herd of 23 bison were brought from the National Bison Range in Montana to an area south of Big Delta to provide an additional game species for hunters. Buffalo Center, a small community near the center of present-day Delta Junction, was named because of their presence, especially during the winter months. During World War II, the U.S. aided the Soviet Union against Germany by sending airplanes and supplies through Alaska into the Russian Far East. The Alaska Highway was built to connect an existing road in Dawson Creek, British Columbia, with the Richardson Highway in Alaska, a distance of 2,290 km (1,420 mi) The place where the highways met became known as Delta Junction. In 1974, construction began on the pipeline to transport the oil from the North Slope of Alaska in 1968. The pipeline construction also aided the economy of the area. Delta Junction experienced a temporary boom, similar to the gold rush, that resulted in a wave of new residents.


Delta Junction is the primary city name, but also Delta Jct are acceptable city names or spellings, Dot Lake on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The official name is Delta Junction. Alaska Highway was built to connect an existing road in Dawson Creek, British Columbia, with the Richardson Highway in Alaska. In 1928, a herd of 23 bison were brought from the National Bison Range in Montana to an area south of Big Delta to provide an additional game species for hunters. Allen Army Airfield was constructed 5 miles (8.0 km) south of Delta Junction for use in sending supplies to Russia. Oil was discovered in the North Slope of Alaska in 1968. In 1974, construction began on the pipeline to transport the oil from the NorthSlope to Valdez. The pipeline construction also aided the economy of the area. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, the Tanana Valley was designated as a potential agricultural area for Alaska. Today, these original farms are primarily used as pasture or for hay production though barley, potatoes, carrots, and even wheat are still grown with limited commercial success. Many farmers turned to cattle with limited success. In addition, the area is now known for production of exotic meats such as yak, bison, and elk. During the 1990s and 2000s, immigrants from the former Soviet republics came to the area, significantly changing the makeup of the local population. Fort Greely was included on the Base Realignment and Closure list (BRAC) in 1995. From 1995 to 2002, Fort Greeley was gradually re-aligned through a gradual draw-down in both military and civilian personnel. Once BRAC was complete in 2002, the base remained open.


The city of Delta Junction sits on the Delta River at the intersection of the Richardson Highway and the terminus of the Alaska Highway. The city and Delta community lie within the fertile Tanana River valley. Delta Junction has a subarctic climate (Köppen Dwc) The average high temperature is below freezing from mid-October thru late March, and the coldest conditions of the year typically bottom out in the 45 to 50 °F (43 to 46 °C) range. Precipitation averages at only 11.62 inches (295 mm) annually, and over half of this total occurs from June to August. Snow, which typically falls from October to April and sometimes May and September, is generally not heavy due to the dry climate, and averages 54 inches (140 cm) per season. In Delta Junction itself, but not in the nearby areas, wind blows many days from the south down theDelta River from the Gulf of Alaska, bringing river silt in the summer and snowdrifts in the winter. The coldest daily maximum on record from Delta Junction was an extremely cold 55 °f (48 °C), in January 1975. Summer nights are seldom warm but nevertheless did not fall below 70 °F in August 1999. During an average year the warmest low is 61 °F  (16 °C).Delta Junction was known as the "Windy City" and "Little Chicago" by many soldiers on Fort Greely. It is located in USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 2a.


As of the census of 2000, there were 840 people, 312 households, and 208 families residing in the city. The city has the highest percentage of Ukrainian people in the United States, with 16.4% of residents having been born in Ukraine. According to the 2000 Census, 19.64% of the general population and 31.10% of those aged 517 used either Russian or Ukrainian as home language. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.32. In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 32.6% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 26.5%" from 25 to 44, and 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median income for a household in theCity was $43,500, and the median income. for a family was $58,250. The per capita income for the city was $19,171. About 12.3% of families and 19.4%" of the city's population were below the poverty line, including 28.8%" of those under age 18 and 13.2" of those age 65 or over"Delta Junction first appeared on the 1970 U.S. Census as an incorporated city. "Delta Junction" is located in the eastern part of the state of New Mexico, near the border with Kansas. The town has a population of 8,000, with the majority of its residents living in the town center.


A railroad spur from Fairbanks to Delta Junction has been proposed to transport material to the missile defense site. Many people in Delta Junction supplement their food supply by hunting the moose, caribou, Dall sheep and bison in the area. A few operate small gold mines or hunt or trap fur-bearing animals for extra income. Delta Junction, like most Alaskan communities, has a small airstrip where charter flights are available for sightseeing, hunting and fishing. Due to limited shopping availability, many residents travel to Fairbanks via the Richardson Highway to purchase goods and services. Though Delta has a clinic, primary medical care is also in Fairbanks. The town of Delta Junction is home to the Alaska National Guard and the Alaska Air National Guard. The U.S. Air Force has a base at Delta Junction and a missile defense facility at the site of the base. The base is also home to a number of other military facilities, including the Alaska Army National Guard Air Station and the Kodiak Air Force Base. The airport has a charter flight service that offers sightseeing and hunting flights. The Delta Junction community has a population of about 2,000 people. It is located in the northern part of the Alaska Range, which is the largest of the state. The area is located near the Canadian border and the Yukon River, which runs through the town. The region is known as the Delta River Range and is the only one of its kind in Alaska. The river is the main source of water supply for Delta Junction.

Parks and recreation

The area around Delta Junction is home to a number of parks. In the early 1980s, the 90,000-acre (360 km²) Delta Junction Bison Range was established. The range is managed by the Alaska Department of Fish and Game to provide fall habitat for bison to reduce farm depredations and to provide habitat for other wildlife. The herd is now kept at several hundred animals by the annual issuance of hunting permits. The town of Delta Junction has a population of around 2,000. The city is located on the Alaska Highway, which runs through the center of the city. The state capital of Anchorage is located just north of the town, on the Yukon-Koyukon border. It is the only city in the state to have its own airport, which was built in the 1960s. The airport was the first in the United States to be built on an Alaskan site. It was completed in the 1970s and is now the state's second largest airport, after the one at Fairbanks, Alaska. The Delta State Recreation Site, a 23 acres (9.3 ha) park directly across from the Delta River, has a campground, a nearby airstrip, and views of the Alaska Range. The Donnelly Creek state Recreation Site is an isolated 46 acres (19 ha)Park is considered a prime spot for wildlife viewing and is adjacent to the calving grounds for the bison herd. The Clearwater State recreation Site, with a campground and access to the Delta Clearwater River, is a 27 acres (11ha) park.


In 2007, Delta Junction Elementary School was named a National Blue Ribbon School. The school is part of the Delta-Greely School District, which also includes Big Delta, Deltana, Fort Greely Gerstle River School, and Healy Lake. The district was formed in the 1950s to provide education for children living in the area. It was named after the town of Delta Junction, Colorado, which was founded in 1858. The city is located in the Delta River valley. The river runs through the center of the district. It is also known as the Big Delta River Valley, which runs through Delta Junction. The town's name is derived from the river's name, which means "Big Delta" or "Deltana" and "Greeley" in Spanish. It also means "river" in English, and "greely" in German. The community's name comes from the word "deltana," which translates to "river". The city's nickname is "Delta Junction" and the name of the school district is "Dellana" The district's name also comes from "Delta River," which is the name for a river that flows through the city. The name "Dillana" means "delta" in Greek, which is "dwelling" and means "water" in the U.S. It's also called "Delta" by some locals, "dellan" in "dillan" meaning "dilemma".

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Delta Junction, Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska = 99. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 84. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 97. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Delta Junction = 1.5 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 1,799 individuals with a median age of 33.5 age the population grows by 18.57% in Delta Junction, Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 66.14 residents per square mile of area (25.54/km²). There are average 2.62 people per household in the 381 households with an average household income of $67,175 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 10.00% of the available work force and has dropped -0.03% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 29.94%. The number of physicians in Delta Junction per 100,000 population = 58.5.


The annual rainfall in Delta Junction = 11.4 inches and the annual snowfall = 43.8 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 92. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 151. 69 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and -10.6 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 86, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Delta Junction, Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska which are owned by the occupant = 44.29%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 28 years with median home cost = $120,580 and home appreciation of -1.20%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $5.10 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,041 per student. There are 31.8 students for each teacher in the school, 464 students for each Librarian and 498 students for each Counselor. 8.94% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 12.25% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 5.79% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Delta Junction's population in Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska of 29,353 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,06-fold to 1,799 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 47.19% female residents and 52.81% male residents live in Delta Junction, Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska.

    As of 2020 in Delta Junction, Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska are married and the remaining 46.10% are single population.

  • 13.6 minutes is the average time that residents in Delta Junction require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    75.84% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 10.39% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool and 5.45% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Delta Junction, Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska, 44.29% are owner-occupied homes, another 33.47% are rented apartments, and the remaining 22.24% are vacant.

  • The 20.20% of the population in Delta Junction, Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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