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  •   State: 
    Las Animas County
      County FIPS: 
    37°10′15″N 104°30′23″W
      Area total: 
    9.38 sq mi (24.31 km²)
      Area land: 
    9.38 sq mi (24.31 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.00 sq mi (0.00 km²)
    6,010 ft (1,832 m)
    Incorporated December 30, 1879
  •   Latitude: 
    Mountain Standard Time (MST) UTC-7:00; Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) UTC-6:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Trinidad, Las Animas County, Colorado, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    873.73 residents per square mile of area (337.37/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Trinidad was first explored by Spanish and Mexican traders, who liked its proximity to the Santa Fe Trail. It was founded in 1862 soon after coal was discovered in the region. Trinidad was dubbed the "Sex Change Capital of the World" because a local doctor had an international reputation for performing sex reassignment surgery. In the early 1900s Trinidad became nationally known for having the first woman sports editor of a newspaper, Ina Eloise Young. Drop City, a counterculture community, was formed in 1965 on land about 4 mi (6.4 km) north of Trinidad. The town raised $4.4 million in tax revenue from the marijuana industry in 2015 due to a new experience due to the country's new marijuana industry. The population was 8,329 as of the 2020 census. Trinidad lies 21 mi (34 km)north of Raton, New Mexico, and 195 mi (314 km) south of Denver. It is on the historic Santa Fe trail and is located in Las Animas County, Colorado, on the Colorado-New Mexico border. It has a population of about 8,300, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. The home rule municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Las Anima County is Trinidad, which is located on the New Mexico-New York border. The city's name is derived from the Spanish word "trinidad" which means "town" or "city" in Spanish and means "place" in English.


Trinidad is the primary city name, but also Cokedale, Jansen, Sopris, Starkville are acceptable city names or spellings, Beshoar Jct, El Moro, Ludlow, Pinon Canyon on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. Trinidad was first explored by Spanish and Mexican traders, who liked its proximity to the Santa Fe Trail. It was founded in 1862 soon after coal was discovered in the region. By 1900 Trinidad's population had grown to 7,500 and it had two English-language newspapers and one in Spanish. In the early 1900s Trinidad became nationally known for having the first woman sports editor of a newspaper, Ina Eloise Young.Drop City, a counterculture artists' community, was formed in 1965 on land about 4 mi (6.4 km) north of Trinidad. In 2015 Trinidad started to experience a new boom due to the marijuana industry. The town raised $4 million in tax revenue from $44 million in annual marijuana sales, about 5% of the state's total sales. In 2018 High Times called Trinidad "Weed Town", noting that its 23 licensed retail marijuana dispensaries serve less than 10,000 people. In 2012, Trinidad was dubbed the "Sex Change Capital of the World", because a local doctor had an international reputation for performing sex reassignment surgery. In 2003, Marci Bowers took over Stanley Biber's surgical practice in Trinidad. The 2008 documentary Trinidad focuses on Biber and two of her patients. In 2008, South Park featured an episode of South Park, in which elementary school teacher Mr. Garrison undergoes a sex-change operation. In 2013, the town was dubbed "Sex Town" because of its reputation for having a large number of sex change surgeries.


Trinidad is situated in the Purgatoire River valley in far southern Colorado at an elevation of 6,025 ft (1,836 m) The city lies 13 mi north of the New Mexico border. On the northern end of the town is Simpson's Rest, a prominent bluff named for early resident George Simpson, who is buried atop it. The city has a semiarid climate, with hot summers and cold winters. Summer days are hot, but due to Trinidad's high elevation summer nights are cool, and temperatures drop sharply after sunset. Winters are cold, but milder than in many mountain towns in Colorado. In the winter, daytime highs are usually above freezing, but temperatures below 0 °F or 17.8 °C are possible, especially at night. The vista from Fishers Peak includes Fishers Peaks, a mountain of 9,600 ft (2,900 m) in elevation, southeast of the city. To the northwest are the prominent Spanish Peaks. The U.S. Census Bureau says Trinidad has a total area of 6.3 square miles (16 km²), all of it land. It is located at 37°1015N 104°3023W (37.170944, 104.506447). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an estimated population of 3,816. It has a population of 2,838. It was founded in 1858. It became a city in 1881.


As of the census of 2000, 9,078 people, 3,701 households, and 2,335 families resided in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 79.97% White, 0.54% African American, 3.02% Native American, 0.43% Asian,0.14% Pacific Islander, 12.12% from other races, and 3.78% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 48.07% of the population. The city's population was distributed as 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 18. 9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males. For each 100 females age 18 and over, there are 89.8 males. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was2.98. The per capita income for the city is $17,271. About 16.2%. of families and 18,3%. of the residents were below the poverty line, including 19.6%. of those under age 18. and 20.0% of those age 65 or over. the median income for a household in theCity was $36,681, and for a family was $33,992. Males had a median income of $27,817 versus $19,064 for females.


For many years Trinidad housed the miners who worked in the coal mines of the Raton Basin south and west of the town. The mines are now closed, but since the 1980s companies have been drilling new gas wells to extract coalbed methane from the remaining coal seams. In the early 20th century Trinidad was the closest town to what many consider the beginning of the labor movement. Later that century the town saw swings of boom and bust as the oil industry heated and cooled. The town's location at the foot of Raton Pass, along the Santa Fe Trail between St. Joseph, Missouri, and Santa Fe, New Mexico, has always made it a favored route for travelers, first by foot, then horse and ox-drawn wagon, then railroad. Interstate 25 is the most highly traveled route between Colorado and New Mexico and bisects Trinidad. It is located on the Colorado-New Mexico border and runs along the western edge of the state. It has a population of about 2,000, making it one of the smallest towns in the state and one of only a handful of towns on the U.S. Interstate Highway System, which runs from Colorado to New Mexico. It also runs through the town of Trinidad, Colorado, which is located in the eastern part of the Rocky Mountains and is on the New Mexico-Arizona border. It was the first town in the United States to be named after a Native American tribe, the Trinidad Indians, who lived in the area until the mid-19th century.


Trinidad is home to the Southwest Chief, a junction of the BNSF Railway's Raton Subdivision and Twin Peaks Subdivision. Greyhound Lines serves Trinidad on its route between Denver and Albuquerque. Limousine Express serves Trinidad between El Paso and Denver. The South Central Council of Governments operates demand-responsive transport in Trinidad. The airport is located at Perry Stokes Airport, near the town of Trinidad. It is located on I-25, US 160, and US Highway 160. The town has a population of about 2,000. The city is located in the southwest of the United States. The Southwest Chief is located near the city of Trinidad, in the south of the state, and is served by the B NSF Railway and Greyhound lines. It also has a small airport at the base of the town, called Perry Stoke Airport, which serves the city's population of around 1,500. It has a paved road, which is part of the US 160 highway, which runs through the town. It was built in the early 1900s and is known as the "Trinidadian Highway" It is also known as "The Trinidad Highway" because of its proximity to the town's main highway, the I-25. It runs between the towns of Trinidad and the cities of Denver, Albuquerque, and El Paso, as well as the Albuquerque and El Paso subdivisions of the BNSF Railway. The Southwest Chief is at the junction of three rail lines.


Trinidad State College is a private college in the Philippines. The college is located in the city of Trinidad and Tobago. The school was founded in 1881. It is located on the banks of the San Fernando River. It was founded by the Spanish-ruled government in 1883. It has a campus in the town of San Fernando, on the coast of the island of Tenerife. It also has a satellite campus in San Diego, in the state of Baja California. It's also known as "Trinidad" or "The City of the Stars" in the U.S. and "The State of the State" in Mexico. It opened its doors in 1882. It closed in 1894. It became a state college in 1891. The campus is now called Trinidad State College. It began in 1884 and is based in the City of Trinidad. It dates back to the early 19th century. The university was established in 1887. The town is in the province of Ternidad, in San Fernando County. The state has a population of 1.2 million. It went to state college from 1881 to 1894, when it became a public college. It then became a private school in 1892. It remains a public school today, with campuses in Teneridad and San Fernando. It now has an enrollment of about 1,200 students. In 1891, it was known as the "State College of the Philippines".


The Trinidad Triggers are a professional baseball team in the independent Pecos League. They are not affiliated with Major League Baseball or Minor League Baseball. They play their home games at Trinidad Central Park. The team is currently in the middle of their second season in the league. They have won two league titles in their first three seasons. They also won the league championship in 2010. They were also runners-up in the 2011 and 2012 seasons, but lost the final game of the 2011 season to the Corpus Christi Red Sox in a play-in game in which they were trailing by two runs. They lost the next two games in a row in a series against the Corpus Christi Red Sox, losing by a combined score of 9-2. The club has won just one league title in its history, in 2010, when they lost to the Cleveland Rams in a double-elimination game. They won their first league title the following season, in 2012, after winning their second game by a single-game margin of 2-1. They had previously won three consecutive league titles from 1998 to 2000. They last won in 2002, when the Trinidad Triggers were in the Pecos League. The Trinitario Tiggers have won just three league titles since the start of the 2002 season. The last of these came in a run of six in a row, in which the team won the title in May 2002.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Trinidad, Las Animas County, Colorado = 98. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 78. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 99. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Trinidad = 5.1 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 8,971 individuals with a median age of 38.1 age the population grows by 5.94% in Trinidad, Las Animas County, Colorado population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 873.73 residents per square mile of area (337.37/km²). There are average 2.32 people per household in the 3,779 households with an average household income of $34,744 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.50% of the available work force and has dropped -1.18% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 31.14%. The number of physicians in Trinidad per 100,000 population = 112.2.


The annual rainfall in Trinidad = 14.5 inches and the annual snowfall = 27.5 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 72. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 265. 87 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 18.8 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 50, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Trinidad, Las Animas County, Colorado which are owned by the occupant = 57.15%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 57 years with median home cost = $125,240 and home appreciation of -3.28%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $5.08 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $3,740 per student. There are 18.4 students for each teacher in the school, 575 students for each Librarian and 388 students for each Counselor. 11.32% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 9.44% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 6.90% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Trinidad's population in Las Animas County, Colorado of 5,345 residents in 1900 has increased 1,68-fold to 8,971 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.29% female residents and 49.71% male residents live in Trinidad, Las Animas County, Colorado.

    As of 2020 in Trinidad, Las Animas County, Colorado are married and the remaining 50.27% are single population.

  • 17.7 minutes is the average time that residents in Trinidad require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    76.28% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 16.80% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.32% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.43% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Trinidad, Las Animas County, Colorado, 57.15% are owner-occupied homes, another 33.15% are rented apartments, and the remaining 9.70% are vacant.

  • The 55.35% of the population in Trinidad, Las Animas County, Colorado who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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