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Metairie

  •   State: 
    Louisiana
      County: 
    Jefferson Parish
      City: 
    Metairie
      County FIPS: 
    22051
      Coordinates: 
    29°59′52″N 90°10′39″W
      Area total: 
    23.30 sq mi (60.35 km²)
      Area land: 
    23.26 sq mi (60.24 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.04 sq mi (0.11 km²)
      Elevation: 
    3 ft (0.9 m)
  •   Latitude: 
    30,0092
      Longitude: 
    -90,1564
      Dman name cbsa: 
    New Orleans-Metairie, LA
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    70001
    70002
    70003
    70004
    70005
    70006
    70009
    70010
    70011
    70033
    70055
      GMAP: 

    Metairie, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, United States

  •   Population: 
    143,507
      Population density: 
    6,169.96 residents per square mile of area (2,382.27/km²)
      Household income: 
    $50,760
      Households: 
    60,658
      Unemployment rate: 
    6.10%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    8.75%
      Income taxes: 
    6.00%

Metairie (MET-r-ee) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, United States, and is part of the New Orleans metropolitan area. With a population of 143,507 in 2020, Metairie is the largest community in Jefferson parish and was (as of 2010) the fifth-largest CDP in the United States. It is an unincorporated area that would have been Louisiana's fourth-largest city behind Shreveport if incorporated. In the 1720s French settlers became the first Europeans to settle the area known then as Tchoupitoulas and now as Metairi Ridge, a natural levee formed by an ancient branch of the Mississippi River. After the Civil War, the majority of the community's inhabitants were sharecroppers until urbanization started in the 1910s. The 1947 Fort Lauderdale hurricane, with winds of 125 mph (201 km/h), directly hit Metairia. Hurricane Betsy, a Category Three storm, hit the area in 1965, causing extensive wind damage and moderate flooding. In 1995 the May 8th 1995 Louisiana flood, which dumped upwards of 20 inches (510 mm) of rain into MetairIE in a twelve-hour period, also flooded some parts of the region, especially areas south and west of Metairies. In 1989, a Metairier district elected white supremacist David Duke to the Louisiana state legislature for a single term. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina caused a new migration from Orleans Parish, because housing was needed to replace what had been destroyed in the flooding of the city.

Etymology

Métairie (French: [meti]) is the French term for a small tenant farm which paid the landlord with a share of the produce. In the 1760s many of the original French farmers were tenants. After the Civil War, the majority of the community's inhabitants were sharecroppers until urbanization started in the 1910s. The term is also known as sharecropping (in French, métayage) and share-cropping in the U.S. It is a contraction of the word "metairie" (metair) which means "to share" or "to rent" in French. The French word for sharecropper is "métair" (métay) and the English word "sharecropper" (sharecropping) means "sharing" in English, "to lease" and "share" in Spanish, "share cropping" in Portuguese, and "sharingcropping" with a landlord in France in the 1770s and 1780s. In English, the term "sharecrop" is used to refer to the practice of renting out a farm to a landlord for a large percentage of the farm's produce, or "share-croppers" (in English, sharecrops) in the 1800s and early 1900s.

History

Metairie is a suburb of New Orleans, Louisiana. It is located on Metairie Ridge, a natural levee formed by an ancient branch of the Mississippi River. The Acolapissa Native Americans used this ridge as a road; it is the oldest road in the New Orleans area. The 1947 Fort Lauderdale hurricane, with winds of 125 mph (201 km/h), directly hit the area. Hurricane Katrina caused a new migration from Orleans Parish, because housing was needed to replace what had been destroyed in the flooding of the city. In the 1970s and early 1980s, an area of bars and nightclubs opened in a section of Met airie known as "Fat City", which is now the most racially diverse area in the area and home to a vibrant restaurant scene. Lakeside Shopping Center is the highest-grossing mall in theNew Orleans metropolitan area. Metairi has a large Mardi Gras season that touts itself as more family-friendly than New Orleans Mardigras. Several New Orleans radio and television stations have transmitter facilities in MetairIE and Jefferson Parish; two of them, WGNO-TV and WNOL, now have studios and main offices in MetAirie. The 2010 census showed thatmetairie has increasingly become more diverse. It has been a racially neutral migration, with equal numbers of black and white residents moving to Jefferson Parish. It also has one of the handful of major malls located on Causeway Boulevard near Lake Pontchartrain.

Geography

Metairie is located in eastern Jefferson Parish and is bordered by New Orleans to the east, Kenner to the west, Lake Pontchartrain to the north, and the Illinois Central Railroad tracks to the south. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Metairie CDP has a total area of 23.2 square miles (60.2 km²), of which 23.1 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles, or 0.18%, is water. It is a principal community in Greater New Orleans. The climate is humid subtropical, with short, generally mild winters and hot, humid summers. On average, there are 77 days of 90 °F (32 °C) or greater highs, 8.1 days per winter where the high does not exceed 50 °F, and 8.0 nights with freezing lows annually. The average precipitation is 62.5 in (1,590 mm) annually; the summer months are the wettest, while October is the driest month. The tallest building is Three Lakeway Center, at 403 ft (123 m), which is also the tallest building in Jefferson Parish. It has a population of 2,856. The city is located on the Mississippi River, which flows through the eastern part of Jefferson Parish, and into the city of New Orleans, which is in the eastern portion of the parish. The river forms the border between New Orleans and the city's eastern suburbs, the 17th Street Canal.

Demographics

Metairie is home to Congregation Gates of Prayer, a Reform synagogue, and beside it is Congregation Beth Israel, the oldest Orthodox congregation in the New Orleans metro area. Due to Spanish and French colonial influence, Metairie and the surrounding area have an overwhelmingly Catholic populace. At the time of the 2020 census, its racial and ethnic makeup was 62.89% non-Hispanic white, 10.98% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 3.73% Asian and 0.02% Pacific Islander. Residents had a per capita income of $35,007 at the 2019 American Community Survey. In 2019, 54.1% of residents identified with some religion as of 2019. Approximately 34.6% identify with the Catholic Church, served by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New Orleans; 5.9% were Baptist, 3% Pentecostal, 1.4% Methodist, 0.5% Anglican, and 1.6%. 0.7% were Muslims and 0,4% identified with an Eastern religion such as Hinduism, Buddhism, or Sikhism. The median value of owner-occupied housing units was $246,600, and the median household income was $60,404. There were 56,421 households with an average of 2.63 persons per household. Approximately 61,354 housing units were in the community, and 92% were occupied. The 2020 census reported 143,507 people living in the CDP, with a median age of 40.6.

Arts and culture

Jefferson Parish Library operates public libraries. The East Bank Regional Library, which houses the library system's headquarters, is in Metairie. Other public libraries in the area include the Lakeshore Library, the Old Metairies Library, and the Wagner Library. The library system is funded by the state and local governments. It is the largest library system in the state, with more than 100,000 visitors a year. The system has a budget of more than $100 million. It was established in the early 1900s to provide services to the city's African-American population. It also provides services for the French-speaking community. It has a library system that was founded in the late 1800s to help the community with literacy and other needs. It currently has more than 70,000 members. It's one of the largest libraries in New Orleans, along with the New Orleans Public Library. It opened its doors to the public in 1894. The city's first public library was opened in 1802. It closed in 1805. It reopened in 1808. It still operates today, with the help of a number of public libraries, including the East Bank regional library, which is located in the same building as the headquarters. The public library system was created in the 1960s to meet the needs of the city. It provides services to both the black and white communities, as well as the Asian-American community. In the 1970s and 1980s, it expanded its services to include English and Spanish-language services.

Sports

Metairie was home to the New Orleans Baby Cakes Triple-A Minor League Baseball team of the Pacific Coast League from 1993 to 2019. The New Orleans Gold of Major League Rugby will play their homes games in Metairie at the Gold Mine on Airline. The training facilities of NFL franchise New Orleans Saints and the NBA franchise New Orleans Pelicans are located in the area.Boxing cards have been held in the Copeland Tower Suites (formerly Landmark Hotel) and the Shrine on Airlines. The city is also the home of the University of New Orleans's NCAA baseball team, which played its home games at Privateer Park from 1992 through 1996, and at Shrine onAirline from 1997 to 2019, as well as the Louisiana State University football team, who play at the Lousiville Stadium in the city's French Quarter. The French Quarter is home to a number of major Louisiana attractions, including the Louisiana Museum of Fine Arts, the Louisiana Superdome, and the Louisiana Institute of Arts and Sciences. The Louisiana State Police Department is based in the French Quarter, which is also home to several major Louisiana institutions, such as the Loyola University of Louisiana and the Lusher School of Law. The Lousiville School of Medicine is located in a suburb of the city, and has been the site of the Louisiana School of Nursing since the 1970s. The LSU School of Pharmacy was founded in 1883 and is one of the oldest hospitals in the United States.

Parks and recreation

Jefferson Parish has created many parks in Metairie. Many of these playgrounds have organized sports leagues such as football, baseball, and basketball. Some of them also have other programs, such as low-cost piano lessons. The parks are: Cleary Playground, Delta Playground and Jim O'Ryan Playground. They are: Lafreniere Park, Lakeshore Park and LaSalle Park. They also have Mike Miley and Pontiff Playgrounds. The park system is called Jefferson Parish Parks and Recreation. It is based on the Louisiana Department of Recreation and Parks. It was established in the 1950s and has been expanded in the 1960s and 1990s. It has a total of 12 parks. The most popular parks are Cleary and Delta Playgrounds, followed by Jim O’Ryan and Johnny Bright Park. It also has LaSale Park, which is home to the New Orleans Saints’ training ground. It’s also home to a number of other parks, including the Louisiana Museum of Natural History, which was built in the 1970s and 1980s. There are also several other parks in the area that are open to the general public. The city has a lot of parks that are free to play in, including some that cost as little as $1.50 per child. The public can play in the parks for up to three hours a day. There is also a park that costs $2.50 to $3.50.

Education

Metairie's public schools are operated by the Jefferson Parish Public School System. There are two zoned public high schools in Metairie: East Jefferson High School and Grace King High School. Some residents are zoned to Alfred Bonnabel High School in Kenner, and some areZoned to Riverdale High School, in Jefferson. There is also a private school for special needs children. The city has a number of private schools for pre-school to high school students. It also has a country day school and a private day school for high school and college-age children. It is home to the New Orleans Saints football team, the Saints of New Orleans, and the Lousiana Saints basketball team. The Saints play in the Superdome, which is one of the city's two professional sports teams. The Lousianes also have a baseball team, which plays in the Louisiana Superdrome, which also plays in New Orleans' Hurricane Katrina-ravaged French Quarter. It has a football team that plays for the Louisiana Saints, the Loyola Saints, and a basketball team that played in the Hurricane Katrina relief games. It was also the home of the Saints' football team in the 1950s and 1960s, the Louisiana State Police, which played a role in the creation of the Louisiana Sports Hall of Fame. It's also home to several private schools, including St. Martin's Episcopal School and the St. Paul's School of the Arts. The town's high school is named after a former Saints coach.

Infrastructure

Interstate 10 runs eastwest through Metairie. Mass transit is provided by "JeT" (Jefferson Transit), but it does not run on Sundays, holidays, or late at night. For many of the major eastwest roadways, the eastbound and westbound lanes are separated by large, open-topped drainage canals. Similar canals once bisected many streets in neighboring New Orleans, but most were covered over in the mid-20th century. The Lake Pontchartrain Causeway's southern terminus lies in MetairIE. The city is home to the New Orleans Saints football team. The Saints play their home games at the Mercedes-Benz Superdome. The team's mascot is the French Quarter Couple, who also play for the Saints in the Super Bowl halftime show. The French Quarter also hosts the NBA All-Star Game, which takes place in New Orleans in June and July of each year. The Super Bowl is held in the city's French Quarter, which is located on the other side of the lake from New Orleans. It is also home to a number of other professional sports teams, including the Saints, the Pelicans, and the Laker. The Laker's home game against the Saints is the Louisiana Super Bowl XLVIII, which took place on June 28 and July 1. The game was played on the same night that the Saints beat the Saints 3-1. The final game of the season was played by the Saints against the Red Sox, who beat them 3-2.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Metairie, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana = 34.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 40. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Metairie = 6 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 143,507 individuals with a median age of 43.5 age the population dropped by -5.71% in Metairie, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 6,169.96 residents per square mile of area (2,382.27/km²). There are average 2.26 people per household in the 60,658 households with an average household income of $50,760 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.10% of the available work force and has dropped -5.43% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 23.04%. The number of physicians in Metairie per 100,000 population = 316.3.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Metairie = 63.5 inches and the annual snowfall = 0.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 97. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 220. 91 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 42.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 23, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Metairie, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana which are owned by the occupant = 58.20%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 39 years with median home cost = $179,590 and home appreciation of -2.12%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $3.93 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $5,668 per student. There are 15.5 students for each teacher in the school, 725 students for each Librarian and 165 students for each Counselor. 4.79% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 19.70% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 9.98% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Metairie's population in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana of 1,927 residents in 1900 has increased 74,47-fold to 143,507 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.24% female residents and 47.76% male residents live in Metairie, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana.

    As of 2020 in Metairie, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana are married and the remaining 46.52% are single population.

  • 24.3 minutes is the average time that residents in Metairie require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    81.85% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 10.93% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.74% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.48% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Metairie, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, 58.20% are owner-occupied homes, another 36.49% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.31% are vacant.

  • The 55.40% of the population in Metairie, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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