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City of Watertown

  •   State: 
    Middlesex County
      County FIPS: 
    42°22′15″N 71°11′00″W
      Area total: 
    4.12 sq mi (10.68 km²)
      Area land: 
    4.00 sq mi (10.35 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.13 sq mi (0.33 km²)
    36 ft (11 m)
    1630; Settled July 1630; Incorporated September 7, 1630
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Watertown, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    8,841.09 residents per square mile of area (3,413.41/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Watertown is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and is part of Greater Boston. It was one of the first Massachusetts Bay Colony settlements organized by Puritan settlers in 1630. The city is home to the Perkins School for the Blind, the Armenian Library and Museum of America, and the historic Watertown Arsenal. For its first quarter century Watertown ranked next to Boston in population and area. For several months early in the American Revolution the committees of safety and committee of correspondence made Watertown their headquarters. The Treaty of Watertown was signed between the newly formed United States of America and the First Nations of Nova Scotia in Mi'kmaq in 1789. The first burying ground, on Arlington Street, was established in the 1660s. It contains a monument to Joseph Coolidge, the only Watertown resident killed during the British retreat from Concord in April 1775. On July 3, George Washington was greeted in Watertown; the following day he took command of the Army in Cambridge. The Massachusetts General Court held its sessions here from 1775 to 1778. Boston town meetings were held here during the siege of Boston, when many Boston families made their homes in the neighborhood. The tavern was demolished in 1918 to make way for a trolley terminal. It is still preserved in the Parker School, though the building is no longer a public school, and his name is still a private school. The cemetery in Mount Auburn was founded in 1831, creating the first garden cemetery in New England.


Watertown is the primary city name, but also E Watertown, East Watertown are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is City of Watertown. Watertown was first known to settlers as Saltonstall Plantation. It was one of the earliest of the Massachusetts Bay Colony settlements. In 1632 the residents of Watertown protested against being compelled to pay a tax for the erection of a stockade fort at Cambridge. In 1773, many of its citizens were engaged with the Sons of Liberty in another tax protest, this time against the British Tea Tax. Watertown was the chief horse and cattle market in New England and was known for its fertile gardens and fine estates. The Treaty of Water Town, the first treaty signed between the newly formed United States of America and a foreign power, the St. John's and Mi'kmaq First Nations of Nova Scotia, was signed in this house. The Mount Auburn Cemetery was founded in 1831, creating the first garden cemetery in the United States. The Watertown Arsenal operated as a military munitions and research facility from 1816 until 1995, when the property was sold by the Army to the Watertown Institute of Technology. The first public parks and public parks in Watertown were designed by the early generations of American landscape architects, and are still in use today. The town is located on the banks of the Charles River, which was once the site of a fishing weir to trap herring. The annual fish migration, as both alewife and blueback herring swim upstream from their adult home in the sea to spawn in the fresh water where they were hatched, still occurs every spring.


Watertown is located at 42°2217N 71°1055W (42.37139, 71.18194). To the north, it is bordered by the town of Belmont, along Belmont Street. To the east lies the City of Cambridge, the border to which is almost entirely the well-known Mount Auburn Cemetery, most of which is actually in Watertown (though commonly believed to be in Cambridge) To the west lies the more expansive city of Waltham, but there is no distinct geographic feature dividing the two municipalities. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.2 square miles (11 km²) of which 4.1 square miles of that is land and 0.1 sq mi of that (0.1 km² or 1.20%) is water. In Watertown Square, the nexus of the town, the town's border extends south of the Charles to encompass the neighborhood surrounding Casey Playground. The city is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike, which runs from New York City to Washington, D.C. It is also bordered to the south by the towns of Newton and Brightont, with the border being largely formed by the Charles River. Watertown is a member of the New England Council of Governments, the state's highest level of government, and has a mayor-council form of government. The mayor-elect of Watertown has a four-year term of office, which ends in 2015.


As of the census of 2000, there were 32,986 people, 14,629 households, and 7,329 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 91.42% White, 1.73% African American, 0.16% Native American, 3.87% Asian,0.02% Pacific Islander, and 1.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.68% of the population. Watertown is a major center of the Armenian diaspora in the United States, with the third-largest Armenian community in the U.S., estimated as numbering 7,000 to over 8,000 as of 2007. The city is also the venue for the publication of long-running Armenian newspapers in English and Armenian, including: Baikar Association Inc.'s Armenian Mirror-Spectator and Hairenik Association's Armenian Review. Water Town is home to a radio and a web TV station, as well as a number of radio and TV stations in other parts of the world, including Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The population of Watertown has grown to more than 32,000 people, with 15,000 of whom are under the age of 18. The average household size is 2.17 and the average family size was 2.86. The median income for a household in theCity was $59,764, and for a family was $67,441. The per capita income for the city is $33,262. About 4.5% of families and 6.3% of people were below the poverty line.


Major employers based in Watertown include the Tufts Health Plan, New England Sports Network, Perkins School for the Blind, Sasaki, Exergen Corporation, Harvard Business Publishing, Vanasse Hangen Brustlin, Inc., Bright Horizons Family Solutions, and athenahealth. Watertown is home to the U.S. Army's 1st Battalion of the New York Army National Guard, which was founded in 1775. The town is also home to several colleges and universities, including Tufts, Harvard, MIT, and Harvard Business School. It is also the home of the University of Massachusetts at Watertown, which opened its doors in 1875. Water Town is also a home to a number of non-profit organizations, including the New England School of the Blind and the National Museum of the American Indian, which is based in the town's East River neighborhood. The Watertown area has a population of about 6,000. The city's economy is based on a combination of manufacturing and non-manufacturing sectors, including construction, manufacturing, and health care. The watertown area also has a large number of small businesses, such as health care providers, retailers, restaurants, and home-based businesses. It has a reputation for being a good place to live and work, with many businesses located in the city's South Watertown neighborhood. It also has one of the highest percentages of people of color in the United States, with more than half of all residents living in or near Watertown.


Watertown is served by several MBTA bus and formerly trackless trolley routes. Most of them pass through or terminate in Watertown Square or Watertown Yard. The former A-Watertown branch of the MBTA's Green Line ran to Watertown until 1969. Watertown borders Soldiers Field Road and the Massachusetts Turnpike, major arteries into downtown Boston. The town is home to the Watertown Symphony Orchestra, which has been in existence since the 1930s. The Watertown High School band was founded in the town in the 1950s. It was the first high school in the city to be named after a town in Massachusetts. It is located in the historic Watertown neighborhood of Watertown, which was once the site of the town's first post-bell school. The city is also home to a number of other historic buildings, including the former Watertown Town Hall, which dates back to the 18th century. The Town Hall is located on the corner of Soldiers Field and Watertown Road. The Massachusetts TurnPike runs through the town, leading to downtown Boston from Watertown to the city center. The Boston Marathon was held in Water Town on September 11, 1963. The first stop on the race was at Soldiers Field, and the second was at Watertown City Hall. The final stop was at Boston's Logan International Airport, where the race ended. The race was held on September 14, 1963, and was followed by the Boston Marathon on September 15, 1964, and September 16, 1964.


Watertown Public Schools operates three elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school. There is also a supplementary Armenian language school, St. James Erebuni Armenian School, which teaches both Western Armenian and Eastern Armenian to children. It became church-affiliated in 2015, and it merged with a Western Armenian school in September of that year. It was Greater Boston's first Eastern Armenian supplementary school, established in 1988 by the Armenian Society of Boston (Iranahye Miutyun) The school is affiliated with the St.James Armenian Apostolic Church. It is located in the Watertown neighborhood of Watertown, which is home to about 2,600 students. The school district also operates a private day school, Perkins School, and a private high school, St. Stephen's Armenian Elementary School. There are no public high schools in Watertown; the school district does not operate a high school or middle school. It also operates two private day schools, Perkins School and St. Stephen’s Armenian High School. The public school district operates three private schools, including Watertown High School, which also has a private elementary school. The town has a population of about 3,000 people, and the school system serves about 1,800 students in the public school system. It has one of the highest percentages of African-American students in Greater Boston, with 1.7% of its students being African American. The city also has the highest percentage of Hispanic students, with 2.8% of students being Hispanic.


The Mosesian Center for the Arts is a regional arts center located in the former US Army Arsenal along the Charles River. Mount Auburn Cemetery, founded in 1831, consists of 151.1 acres of well manicured grounds with numerous species of both indigenous and exotic tree and shrub species. The Edmund Fowle House (1772) and Museum, at 28 Marshall St., is the second oldest surviving house in Watertown (after the Browne House) The Abraham Browne House (built c.1694-1701) is a colonial house located at 562 Main Street. The Watertown Children's Theatre has been offering classes and productions for children in the area for 35 years. The Plumbing Museum, located at 80 Rosedale Road in a former ice house next to the J.C. Cannistraro corporate offices, is a nonprofit museum operated by Historic New England and open to the public two afternoons a year. It is now registered on the ASCE's List of Historic Civil Engineering Landmarks and on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places. The New Repertory Theatre is the resident professional theatre company at the Mosesiancenter for the arts, 321 Arsenal Street. It offers world-class theatrical and musical performances. It also features the George Washington Tower, which is available for visitors to view from the street. It's Watertown's largest contiguous open space and extends into Cambridge to the east. The Mosesian center for thearts is located on the former site of the US Army arsenal.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Watertown, Bristol County, Massachusetts = 43.5. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 43. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Watertown = 3.5 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 1,394 individuals with a median age of 40.6 age the population dropped by -1.17% in Watertown, Bristol County, Massachusetts population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 8,841.09 residents per square mile of area (3,413.41/km²). There are average 2.13 people per household in the 14,666 households with an average household income of $72,563 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is of the available work force and has dropped -4.07% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 25.46%. The number of physicians in Watertown per 100,000 population = 389.3.


The annual rainfall in Watertown = 45.3 inches and the annual snowfall = 48.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 120. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 198. 84 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 18.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 50, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Watertown, Bristol County, Massachusetts which are owned by the occupant = 45.36%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 64 years with median home cost = $361,050 and home appreciation of -0.68%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $11.70 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $10,680 per student. There are 11.3 students for each teacher in the school, 623 students for each Librarian and 244 students for each Counselor. 6.17% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 26.08% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 21.15% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Watertown's population in Middlesex County, Massachusetts of 1,244 residents in 1900 has increased 1,12-fold to 1,394 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.96% female residents and 47.04% male residents live in Watertown, Bristol County, Massachusetts.

    As of 2020 in Watertown, Bristol County, Massachusetts are married and the remaining 55.34% are single population.

  • 28.2 minutes is the average time that residents in Watertown require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    66.19% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 8.29% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 15.11% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 4.28% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Watertown, Bristol County, Massachusetts, 45.36% are owner-occupied homes, another 50.96% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.68% are vacant.

  • The 68.03% of the population in Watertown, Bristol County, Massachusetts who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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