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City of Lansing

  •   State: 
    Ingham County
      County FIPS: 
    42°42′51″N 84°33′36″W
      Area total: 
    39.78 sq mi
      Area land: 
    39.14 sq mi (101.38 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.64 sq mi (1.65 km²)
    853 ft (260 m)
    1835; Settled 1835; Incorporated 1859
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Lansing-East Lansing, MI
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Lansing, Ingham County, Michigan, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    2,877.68 residents per square mile of area (1,111.09/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Lansing is the capital of the U.S. state of Michigan. It is the site of the Michigan State Capitol, the state Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, a federal court, the Library of Michigan and Historical Center. The 2020 census placed the city's population at 112,644, making it the sixth largest city in Michigan. The Lansing metropolitan area, colloquially referred to as "Mid-Michigan", is an important center for educational, cultural, governmental, commercial, and industrial functions. Neighboring East Lansing is home to Michigan State University, a public research university with an enrollment of more than 50,000. The population of its metropolitan statistical area (MSA) was 541,297 at the 2020 census, the third largest in the state after metropolitan Detroit and Grand Rapids. The first recorded person of European descent to travel through the area that is now Lansing was British fur trader Hugh Heward and his French-Canadian team on April 24, 1790. The land that was to become Lansing was surveyed as "Township 4 North Range 2 West" in February 1827 in what was then dense forest. It was the last of the county's townships to be surveyed, and the land was not offered for sale until October 1830. There would be no roads to this area for decades to come. In the winter of 1835 and early 1836, two brothers from New York plotted the area now known as REO Town just south of downtown Lansing and named it "Biddle City". This land lay in a floodplain and was underwater during the majority of the year.


The first recorded person of European descent to travel through the area that is now Lansing was British fur trader Hugh Heward and his French-Canadian team on April 24, 1790. The land that was to become Lansing was surveyed as "Township 4 North Range 2 West" in February 1827 in what was then dense forest. The settlement of fewer than 20 people would remain dormant until the winter of 1847 when the state constitution required the capital be moved from Detroit to a more central and safer location in the state's interior. The collection of original settlements ("Upper Town", "Lower Town" and "Middle Town") had for some years been collectively referred to as the "Village of Michigan" On February 16, 1842, Alaiedon split into the townships of Lansing, Delhi and Meridian. On February 15, 1859, the settlement, having grown to nearly 3,000 and encompassing about 7 square miles, was incorporated as a city, carving off a section of seven square miles from Lansing Township. These boundaries were the boundaries of the original city, Douglas Avenue to the north, Mount Hope Avenue to east, Regent Avenue to south, Jenison Avenue to west and Jenison to the west. The city was named after Henry Northmon Holmes, who wanted it named after his father, who was from Lansing, New York. The name "Lansing" was submitted on a petition in December 1841 by Henry Northwell Everett and Zalmon Holmes.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total of 36.68 square miles (95.00 km²) of land. This figure includes two 425 Agreements with Alaiedon Township and Meridian Township. The city occupies most of what had formerly been part of Lansing Charter Township. There are two lakes in the area, Park Lake and Lake Lansing, both northeast of the city. Under Michigan law, 425 Ag agreements are only temporary land sharing agreements and do not count as official annexations. Not counting the temporary 425 Agreement, Lansing administers 34.1 square miles of land (88 km²), the city also controls three non-contiguous land agreements (conditional land agreements) with Meridian Charter Township, Delta Charter Township and Alaied on Township in Ingham County to the southeast. All together then, 3.55 sq mi (9.2 sq mi) of city (or approximately 10% of the area) is controlled by the city, not the city itself. The area either fully or fully or conditionally under control is called the city of Lansing. It is located in the south-central part of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan, where the Grand River meets the Red Cedar River. The Grand River, the largest river in Michigan, flows through downtown Lansing, and the Red. Cedar River, a tributary of the Grand, flows. through the campus of Michigan University to its. confluence with the Grand in Lansing. The City of Lansing is located on the far south side of Lansing along Northrup Street near the Cedar Street intersection.


Lansing is generally divided into four sections: the Eastside, Westside, Northwestside, and Southside. The Eastside is the most ethnically diverse side of Lansing, with foreign-born citizens making up more of its population than any other side in the city. The Westside is sometimes regarded as the city's most socio-economically diverse section. The Southside is physically the largest and most populous side of the city, though it has often been regarded by Southside citizens as Lansing's most overlooked and forgotten area. Unincorporated areas adjacent to Lansing include parts of Lansing Charter Township, such as the unincorporated community of Edgemont Park, as well as parts of Delta Charter Township. The city's downtown is dominated by state government buildings, especially the State Capitol. Downtown Lansing had a historic city market that was one of the oldest continuously operating farmers' markets in the United States, until it closed in 2019. Downriver and north of downtown is historic Old Town Lansing with many architecturally significant buildings dating to the mid-19th century. Directly south of downtown on the other side of I-496 along Washington Avenue lies "REO Town", the birthplace of the automobile in the U.S., where Ransom Eli Olds built factories along Washington Ave. South-Central Lansing contains the Old Everett Area. This location once contained the Everett School District and was annexed into the city in 1948. The area is largely residential in nature and is served by numerous commercial strips along Cedar Street, Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard, Pennsylvania Avenue, and Waverly Road, which run northsouth.


As of the 2010 census, there were 114,297 people, 48,450 households, and 26,234 families residing in the city. The city's foreign-born population stood at 5.9%. As of 2000, the city's population rose by 32,293 (27%) to 151,421 during the day due to the influx of workers. The Brookings Institution has ranked Greater Lansing among the top 10 "medium-sized metropolitan areas" in the United States for refugee resettlement. Michigan State University provides a source of support for many refugees in the area. The area has about 2,000 Chinese students enrolled at MSU's District School District. It is also home to a large number of temporary foreign residents as international students at nearby Michigan State Community College and nearby Michigan International University. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates that the city will have a population of 114,000 by the 2020 census. The 2020 census is expected to be the most populous in the state since the 1990s. It will be followed by the 2010 and 2012 censuses, which will be the first since the 1980s and 1990s to be held in the same year. The 2010 census was the first to include a city that had more than 100,000 people living in it. It was also the largest city in Michigan in terms of population, surpassing Detroit as the state's most populous city in 2008. The population of the city was 65.28% as of the 2000 census, with 54,181 housing units at an average of 1,505.0 per square mile (581.3/km²).


Lansing is administered under a mayorcouncil government, more specifically a strong mayor form in which the mayor is the city's chief executive officer. The city council is the legislative body of the city and consists of eight members. It has not had a Republican mayor in office since 1993 when then-Democratic state representative David Hollister defeated incumbent Mayor Jim Crawford. Since given the ability to do so by the state in 1964, the city has levied an income tax of 1 percent on residents, 0.5 percent on non-residents, and 1.0 percent on corporations. Most of Lansing is located in the 23rd district of the Michigan Senate, which has been represented by Democratic state senator Curtis Hertel Jr. since 2015. The small portions of Lansing that extend into Eaton County and Clinton County are in the 24th district. Lansing is in the 67th, 68th, 71st, and 93rd districts of Michigan State House of Representatives, represented by state representatives Kara Hope, Sarah Anthony, Angela Witwer, and Graham Filler (R-93) The city lies in the boundaries of Michigan's 8th congressional district, which is represented by Democrat congresswoman Elissa Slotkin. The 4th district is currently represented by Republican congressman John Moolenaar since 2015, and the 7th district by Democratic congressman Tim Walberg since 2011. Though Lansing is not the designated county seat, some Ingham County offices are located in downtown Lansing, including a branch office of the county clerk, the county personnel office, and some courtrooms.


The Lansing metropolitan area's major industries are government, education, insurance, healthcare, and automobile manufacturing. Michigan State University, Thomas M. Cooley Law School, and Lansing Community College are significant employers in the region. General Motors has offices and a hi-tech manufacturing facility in Lansing and several manufacturing facilities immediately outside the city, as well as in nearby Lansing and Delta townships. The Lansing area is headquarters to four major national insurance companies: Auto-Owners Insurance Company, Jackson National Life, the Accident Fund, and Michigan Millers insurance Company. Lansing has a number of technology companies in the fields of information technology and biotechnology. The city market, in existence since 1909, was approved to be sold for a multi-building mixed-use development called MarketPlace, right next to the current market on the adjacent riverfront. Developer Eyde Co. announced plans on April 6, 2010, to renovate the historical and prominent Knapp's building in downtown Lansing for first floor retail, office space and apartments/condos on the top floor (5th) in a $2224 million project. As of August 2008, an 18-story condominium high-rise called Capitol Club Tower was in the design phase with the adjacent parking structure having been approved by city council and purchased by the developer. The Stadium District was redeveloped using a grant from the Michigan State Housing Development Authority through the Cool Cities Initiative. In 2009, the restaurant Troppo began construction on a new 2-story building that will have an open-air patio on the roof facing the Capitol building.


Michigan State University, a member of the Big Ten Conference, is known as "the pioneer land grant college", located in neighboring East Lansing. Michigan State offers over 200 programs of study and is home to fourteen different degree-granting schools and colleges. The Thomas M. Cooley Law School is the largest law school in the nation and is located in downtown Lansing. LCC's new, state-of-the-art University Center enables students to take courses with the goal of eventually earning an undergraduate or graduate degree from other Michigan institutions. Other institutions of higher education include Western Michigan University, Davenport University in Downtown Lansing, Central Michigan University (branch campus), and Great Lakes Christian College (campus in Delta Township) LCC offers more than 500 areas of study to over 18,000 students at its main facilities in Lansing, and another 5,000Students at twenty-nine extension centers and a site in Otsu, Japan. The University Center stands on the former site of "Old Central", Lansing's first public high school, which was established in 1875 as Lansing High School. In 2008, the Department of Energy announced MSU won the contest for a $550 million Facility for Rare Isotope Beams that will attract top researchers from around the world to conduct experiments in nuclear science, astrophysics and applications of isotopes to other fields. The MSU School of Criminal Justice is the oldest continuous degree granting criminal justice program in the United States and is fully accredited by the American Bar Association.

Cultural celebrations

The Lansing Symphony Orchestra has been entertaining generations of Lansing-area residents since 1929. The Common Ground Festival is a musical event held over a week every July at the Adado Riverfront Park in downtown Lansing pulling in crowds over 90,000 for the week. In 2008 acts included Staind, Drowning Pool, Sammy Hagar, The Hard Lessons, Snoop Dogg, REO Speedwagon, Kellie Pickler, Seether and Trace Adkins. Old Town Oktoberfest is a two-day event drawing hundreds to the Old Town neighborhood for live polka music, authentic German food and world-renowned German-style beer. On June 23, 2018 REO Town hosted the Three Stacks Music Festival featuring Against Me!, Murder by Death, Pup, mewithoutyou, Screaming Females, Camp Cove, Petal, Oceanator, City Mouse, Worn Spirit, Stefanie Haapala, Ness Lake, and Secret Forte. Other notable Lansing musicians include Tell Yo Mama, Root Doctor, Jen Sygit, James Gardin, The Further Adventures of Fat Boy and the Jive Turkeys, MSU Professors of Jazz, Joe Hertler and the Rainbow Seekers, Jahshua Smith, BLAT! Pack, Deacon Earl and Frontier Ruckus. Every year City Pulse names the "Top Original Act" in the Top of the Town Awards. The 2010 winner was Eastside neighborhood native indie rock band Loune. The 2011 winner was pop punk act Frank and Earnest.

Points of interest

Lansing has several farmers' markets throughout the city in the summer months. The Potter Park Zoo, located along the Red Cedar River in Lansing, is a 102-acre park that has more than 160 species of animals. The Michigan Library and Historical Center contains one of the 10 largest genealogy collections in the nation. Michigan's longest-running professional modern dance company, Greater Lansing Ballet Company, has been based in Greater Lansing since 1976. The Wharton Center for Performing Arts completed a 24,000 square feet (2,230 m2), $18.5 million expansion and renovation in October 2009. The Kresge Art Museum, the MSU Museum, and the Abrams Planetarium are highly acclaimed cultural destinations located on the campus of Michigan State University in East Lansing. In June 2007 MSU announced plans to build a new art museum after a $26 million gift from Eli and Edythe Broad. In 2016 a 3-acre moose exhibit opened in the park. In 2009 the zoo began a $1.4 million renovation to its rhinoceros exhibit. There are $667,100 in capital improvements planned for 2009 including a giant walk-in aviary and a new female tiger. In 2011 the Black Rhino exhibit opened; and three tiger cubs were born. In 2012 a new museum was completed for the East Lansing museum that was completed in November 2012. The museum sits in the Classical Revival-styled Turner-Dodge Mansion, built in 1858 for James and Marion Turner and later by their daughter and her husband.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Lansing, Eaton County, Michigan = 48. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 60. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 100. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Lansing = 3.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 112,644 individuals with a median age of 33.6 age the population dropped by -5.30% in Lansing, Eaton County, Michigan population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,877.68 residents per square mile of area (1,111.09/km²). There are average 2.34 people per household in the 47,939 households with an average household income of $37,828 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 9.90% of the available work force and has dropped -8.24% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 8.52%. The number of physicians in Lansing per 100,000 population = 332.8.


The annual rainfall in Lansing = 29.8 inches and the annual snowfall = 36 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 122. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 175. 82 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 14.1 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 49, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Lansing, Eaton County, Michigan which are owned by the occupant = 52.01%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 49 years with median home cost = $63,060 and home appreciation of -9.51%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $17.36 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,804 per student. There are 19.4 students for each teacher in the school, 508 students for each Librarian and 693 students for each Counselor. 7.78% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 13.81% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 7.39% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Lansing's population in Ingham County, Michigan of 16,485 residents in 1900 has increased 6,83-fold to 112,644 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.56% female residents and 48.44% male residents live in Lansing, Eaton County, Michigan.

    As of 2020 in Lansing, Eaton County, Michigan are married and the remaining 55.86% are single population.

  • 21.3 minutes is the average time that residents in Lansing require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    79.09% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 12.95% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 2.66% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.52% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Lansing, Eaton County, Michigan, 52.01% are owner-occupied homes, another 38.70% are rented apartments, and the remaining 9.29% are vacant.

  • The 38.25% of the population in Lansing, Eaton County, Michigan who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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