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  •   State: 
    Box Butte County
      County all: 
    Box Butte | Sheridan | Morrill
      County FIPS: 
    31013 | 31161 | 31123
    42°06′11″N 102°52′36″W
      Area total: 
    4.91 sq mi (12.71 km²)
      Area land: 
    4.89 sq mi (12.68 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.01 sq mi (0.03 km²)
    3,970 ft (1,210 m)
  •   Latitude: 
    Mountain Standard Time (MST) UTC-7:00; Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) UTC-6:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Alliance, Box Butte County, Nebraska, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,665.51 residents per square mile of area (643.05/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Alliance is a city and the county seat of Box Butte County, in the western part of the state of Nebraska. Its population was 8,151 at the 2020 census. It is the home to Carhenge, a replica of Stonehenge constructed with automobiles, which is located north of the city. Alliance Municipal Airport is the least-used airport in the mainland United States. In the Lakota language, Alliance is known as hasmú okámi, meaning "Sand River Bend". All-time record high for Alliance is 110 °F (43 °C), set in 1983, and the all- time record low is 42 °C (41 °C) The city is located at the western edge of Nebraska's Sand Hills. Under the Köppen climate classification, the town features a BSk climate, commonly described as a "Cold Steppe", with winters just below the 3 °C threshold needed to be classified as a Continental climate, if it had enough precipitation to not be arid or semi-arid. The city has a total area of 4.73 square miles (12.25 km²), of which 4.72 square miles of it is land and 0.01 square mile (0.03 km²) is water. It was incorporated as a city in 1891. The Alliance Army Airfield was established in 1942. The facility was transferred from the federal government to the City of Alliance in 1953 and is currently in use as the Alliance municipal Airport.


In the Lakota language, Alliance is known as hasmú okámi, meaning "Sand River Bend" Alliance was incorporated as a city in 1891. The Alliance Army Airfield was established in 1942. The facility was transferred from the federal government to the City of Alliance in 1953 and is currently in use as the Alliance Municipal Airport. The town was originally named Grand Lake. In 1888, the railroad superintendent, G.W. Holdrege, wanted to change it to a simple one-word name closer to the beginning of the alphabet, which he thought would be better for business. The U.S. Post Office gave him permission, and he picked "Alliance" for the new name of the town. The city of Alliance is located on the banks of the Sand River, which is a tributary of the Little Piney River. It is the only city in the state to have a city hall, which was built in the early 1900s. It has a population of 2,000. It was incorporated into the state of Wyoming in 1892. The City of alliance was incorporated in 1894. The first mayor of the city was elected in 1887. The last mayor of Alliance was elected on November 6, 1998. The current mayor is David Linn, who took office on January 1, 2009. The mayor is the son of a former mayor, who died in a car accident in 1998. It's the first time the city has been incorporated into a state capital.


Alliance is located at the western edge of Nebraska's Sand Hills. Under the Köppen climate classification, the town features a BSk climate, commonly described as a "Cold Steppe" The all-time record high for Alliance is 110 °F (43 °C), set in 1983, and the all- time record low is 42 °F (41 °C) The wettest month in the city is June, and January is the driest. The city has a total area of 4.73 square miles (12.25 km²), of which 4.72 square miles is land and 0.01 sq miles (0.03 km²) is water. It is located in the High Plains, with winters just below the 3 °C (26.6 °F) threshold needed to be classified as a Continental climate, if it had enough precipitation to not be arid or semi-arid. The town has a population of 2,071. It has a climate similar to that of the surrounding region, but is more arid and dry. It also has a higher percentage of people who live in the summer than in the winter, with more people living in the spring and summer than the winter. The wetest month of the year is June and the dryest month is January, with the highest temperatures being in January and the lowest temperatures in June. The average annual rainfall in the town is 1.7 inches (38.5 mm).


As of the census of 2010, there were 8,491 people, 3,559 households, and 2,276 families living in the city. There were 4,075 housing units at an average density of 863.3 per square mile (333.3/km²) The racial makeup of the city was 89.09% White, 0.49% African American, 3.40% Native American, 0,60% Asian, 4.2% from other races, and2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.3% of the population. The median income for a household in theCity was $39,408, and the median income. for a family was $47,766. The per capita income for the city is $18,584. About 10.6% of families and 11.2%. of the residents were below the poverty line. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was2.96. The city's population was 48.4% male and 51.6%. The city has a population of 8,959, with a median age of 39.8 years. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates that the city has more than 10,000 residents. The population is expected to grow to 8,000 by the end of the year. The current population estimate is 8,500, with an expected growth rate of 4.7%. The U S. census estimates the population will grow to 9,000 in the next few years.


Alliance Public Schools operates five schools: Early Childhood Center, Emerson Elementary, Grandview Elementary, Alliance Middle School, and Alliance High School. St. Agnes Academy is the local parochial school, in association with Holy Rosary and St. Bridget Catholic Churches. It is located within a historic building designed by noted architect William L. Steele. The school is located in the town's historic downtown area, in the heart of the city's downtown area. It was founded in the early 1900s by the parents of a local boy who was orphaned at the age of three. It has been in the same location since the early 1950s, when it was built in a Gothic Revival style. The current school building was completed in the late 1960s. The town's first high school opened in the 1970s, and it is still there today. The high school is in the center of the town, in a historic district known as the "Heart of the City" It is also home to a number of other public schools, including a middle school and a high school, as well as a private school. The city's public schools have a combined enrollment of more than 10,000 students, and the school district has a budget of $1.2 million. The public school system has a history of nearly 100 years. It also has a long-standing relationship with the Catholic Church, which was established in the mid-19th century. The church has been involved in the community for more than 100 years, including in the building of the first elementary school.


Alliance is served by the Alliance Municipal Airport, three miles southeast of the city, which it owns. In the 12 months ending in January 2021, the airport received 2,882 passengers, or an average of just 8 per day. The BNSF railway line from the northern exit of the Powder River Basin, one of the largest coal-mining areas of the world, to Alliance and the eastern United States, sees a rather large number of coal trains every day, to power plants in the Midwest and South. The airport is the least-used airport in the mainland U.S., with just 8 passengers per day in the last 12 months of the 2013/14 fiscal year, according to a report by the airport's owner, the city of Alliance. The city is home to a large coal yard, which hosts many of the coal trains that come to the power plants from the Midwest, South and East. It is also home to an airport that has just eight passengers a day, making it the least used in the United States in the same time period as the rest of the country. It also has a railway line that runs from the north to the south, which is used to transport coal to power stations in the east and the Midwest. The railway line is also used to bring coal to and from the city's southern areas, where it is used by a number of large coal-fired power plants. The rail line also runs through the southern part of the town, which has a large rail yard which hosts a large amount of coal.


Among the city's attractions is Carhenge, an assemblage of thirty-eight vehicles built in the model of Stonehenge by Jim Reinders and thirty-five family members in the summer of 1987. The sculpture was constructed on the farm of Reinders's late father just north of Alliance. During August 2017, a total solar eclipse moved directly over the city, making it one of the best cities in Nebraska to see it, along with Grand Island and Falls City. Other works have been built in a surrounding area of the sculpture. The city is located on the Nebraska Turnpike, which runs from Omaha to Grand Island. It is one of only a handful of cities in the United States to have the turnpike as a main route through the state. It was also the only city in the state to have a total lunar eclipse in August 2013, which was the first in the U.S. since 1979. The town is also home to the National Museum of American History, which dates back to 18th century. The museum is located in the town of Alliance, which is located just outside of the city. It has a collection of more than 2,000 pieces of art, including a number of works by famous artists such as Remo D'Souza, who was born in the city and grew up in the area. It also has a museum of American history, which has been there since the 1800s. The National Gallery of Nebraska is also located in Alliance, and was opened in 1913.

In fiction

The second half of Ann Patchett's 1997 novel The Magician's Assistant is set entirely in Alliance. It is the setting for the novel's second half, which is set in the same time period as the first half. The book is also set in Alliance in the early 20th century. It was published in two parts in 1997 and 1998. The second half was published as two separate books in 1998 and 1999. The first half of the book was published first and the second half as a collection of short stories in 1998. It has since been republished as a series of books. The third and fourth books in the series were published in 2010 and 2011. The books are called The Magicians' Assistant and The Magicians' Assistant. They are published by Simon & Schuster and are available in hardback and e-book. The novels are published in three parts: the first two parts are in Alliance, and the third is in the U.S. Only the second part of the novel is published in the United States and Canada.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Alliance, Box Butte County, Nebraska = 98. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 60. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 89. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Alliance = 4.7 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 7,399 individuals with a median age of 40.9 age the population dropped by -12.68% in Alliance, Box Butte County, Nebraska population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,665.51 residents per square mile of area (643.05/km²). There are average 2.38 people per household in the 3,213 households with an average household income of $47,912 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.70% of the available work force and has dropped -2.74% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 27.82%. The number of physicians in Alliance per 100,000 population = 53.8.


The annual rainfall in Alliance = 16 inches and the annual snowfall = 34.4 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 66. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 228. 88 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 11.3 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 51, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Alliance, Box Butte County, Nebraska which are owned by the occupant = 57.53%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 43 years with median home cost = $84,840 and home appreciation of 1.72%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $16.95 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $6,033 per student. There are 14.1 students for each teacher in the school, 287 students for each Librarian and 430 students for each Counselor. 6.74% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 12.47% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 4.14% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Alliance's population in Box Butte County, Nebraska of 2,535 residents in 1900 has increased 2,92-fold to 7,399 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.67% female residents and 49.33% male residents live in Alliance, Box Butte County, Nebraska.

    As of 2020 in Alliance, Box Butte County, Nebraska are married and the remaining 39.31% are single population.

  • 13.5 minutes is the average time that residents in Alliance require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    82.88% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 7.03% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.16% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.13% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Alliance, Box Butte County, Nebraska, 57.53% are owner-occupied homes, another 27.03% are rented apartments, and the remaining 15.45% are vacant.

  • The 62.91% of the population in Alliance, Box Butte County, Nebraska who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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