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Salem

Salem, New Hampshire

  •   State: 
    New Hampshire
      County: 
    Rockingham County
      City: 
    Salem
      County FIPS: 
    33015
      Coordinates: 
    42°47′18″N 71°12′03″W
      Area total: 
    25.90 sq mi (67.07 km²)
      Area land: 
    24.84 sq mi (64.33 km²)
      Area water: 
    1.05 sq mi (2.73 km²)
      Elevation: 
    131 ft (40 m)
      Established: 
    1750; Incorporated 1750 Villages Salem North Salem Millville
  •   Latitude: 
    42,7833
      Longitude: 
    -71,2199
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    03079
      GMAP: 

    Salem, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States

  •   Population: 
    30,089
      Population density: 
    1,209 residents per square mile of area (466.7/km²)
      Household income: 
    $72,480
      Households: 
    11,228
      Unemployment rate: 
    8.80%

Salem is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 30,089 at the 2020 census. It is the first town in New Hampshire to have no state sales tax. The Sununu political family hails from Salem, including former New Hampshire governor and White House Chief of Staff John H.Sununu, and his sons John E. SununU, a former U.S. senator, and Chris Sun unu, current New Hampshire Governor. Salem is a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. No Democratic presidential nominee has carried the town since Bill Clinton received a plurality of the vote in 1996. The town has a total of 25.9 square miles (67.3 km²), of which 24.8 square miles are land and 1.2 square miles of land are water. Salem's water supply incorporates sodium fluoride, a strong enamelant that helps ensure that the town's residents' teeth are enameled. Canobie Lake Park, a large amusement park, and America's Stonehenge, a stone structure of disputed origins, are popular tourist attractions in the town. The Tuscan Village complex has been under construction, a multi-million dollar mixed-use commercial property that includes retail, medical offices, condos and apartments. The Manchester and Lawrence branch of the Boston and Maine Railroad ran through Salem until 2001. In 2009, the New Hampshire Department of Transportation commissioned a study exploring reactivation of the branch and instituting commuter rail service connecting to the MBTA Haverhill Line.

History

Salem was first settled in 1652. In 1741, when the boundary line between Massachusetts and New Hampshire was fixed, the "North Parish" became part of New Hampshire. The town was incorporated in 1750 by colonial governor Benning Wentworth. In 1902, Canobie Lake Park was established in Salem by the Massachusetts Northeast Street Railway Company, to encourage leisure excursions on its trolleys. The Manchester and Lawrence branch of the Boston and Maine Railroad ran through Salem until 2001. In 2009, the New Hampshire Department of Transportation commissioned a study exploring reactivation of the branch and instituting commuter rail service connecting to the MBTA Haverhill Line and onward to Boston. The study's cost/benefit analysis recommended taking no action to reactivate beyond preserving the option for consideration at a future time. Starting in 2017, the Tuscan Village complex has been under construction, a multi-million dollar mixed-use commercial property that includes retail, medical offices, condos and apartments. The complex is being built on the site of the former Rockingham Park race track. A recent attraction in town is the Icenter, a skating arena. Other features of Salem's tourism history include America's Stonehenge, a curiosity (formerly "Mystery Hill"). Starting in the 1950s, Salem developed rapidly as part of Greater Boston, with suburban-style residential neighborhoods and a long strip of commercial development along NH Route 28. In the 1960s, the town was known as "Salem's Landing".

Government

Salem is a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. No Democratic presidential nominee has carried the town since Bill Clinton received a plurality of the vote in 1996. Salem is a part of New Hampshire House District 8 and has nine Republican representatives. In the U.S. House of Representatives, Salem is in New Hampshire's 2nd congressional district and is currently represented by Democrat Ann McLane Kuster. The town is in the 22nd District of the New Hampshire Senate and is represented by Republican Chuck Morse. The New Hampshire Executive Council is in District 3 and isrepresented by Republican Janet Stevens. Salem's town government consists of a board of selectmen and a town manager. It has a population of 2,000. It is located in the state's second-largest county, which is home to more than 1,000,000 people. It was the site of the first U.N. peacekeeping mission in World War II. It also hosted the first United Nations peacekeeping operation in the Middle East in 1945. It hosted the United Nations Peacekeeping Mission in the 1950s and 1960s. It still hosts the United States Embassy in New York City, which was established in 1961. The United Nations has a mission in the town of Salem, New Hampshire, and is based in the city of Concord. It's also the location of the United Nation's World Trade Center, which opened in 1968. It opened in the 1970s and has since become a major international hub for the peacekeeping effort in the region.

Geography

Salem is the first New Hampshire town encountered when traveling north from Massachusetts on Interstate 93. The highest point in Salem is the summit of Gordon's Hill, at 380 feet (120 m) above sea level. Salem is drained by the Spicket River and its tributary Policy Brook, part of the Merrimack River watershed. None of the town's residential water supply incorporates sodium fluoride, a water additive that helps ensure strong teeth enamel. The town has a total area of 25.9 square miles (67.1 km²), of which 24.8 squaremile (64.3 km²) are land and 1.0 square mile (2.7 km 2) are water, comprising 4.07% of the Town of Salem. Via I-93, Boston is 35 miles (56 km) to the south and Manchester is 20 miles (32 km) in the northwest. The interstate's first two New Hampshire exits are within town. The nearest city is Manchester, New Hampshire, about 20 miles to the north. The closest city to Salem is Derry, New Jersey, about 30 miles (50 km) away. The largest city in the state is Manchester in the north, about 25 miles (40 km) from the town. It has a population of 4,000 (3,000) and an area of 24,000 acres (7,000 km²). The town is located in the New Hampshire-Massachusetts border region, and is located on the Massachusetts-New Hampshire border.

Demographics

At the 2000 census, there were 28,112 people, 10,402 households, and 7,603 families residing in the town. The racial makeup of the town was 95.01% White, 0.55% African American, 1.21% Native American, 2.27% Asian,0.06% Pacific Islander, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.96% of the population. The median household income was $58,090, and the median family income is $67,278. The per capita income for the town is $26,170. About 3.1% of families and 4.1%. of the residents were below the poverty line, including 5.1. of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over. The town is located on the U.S.-Mexico border. It is the only town in the state to be on the National Register of Historic Places. It was the first town to be added to the state's Geographic Names database in the 1970s. The state's first post-secondary school was founded in 1881. The U.N. World Heritage Site is located in the city. It has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1972. The city's name is derived from the French word for "peaceful" or "charm" (for example, "chauffeur"). The town's name also means "home" in French, which means "place of refuge".

Transportation

The nearest airport is ManchesterBoston Regional Airport along the border of Londonderry and Manchester. The nearest rail service is the Haverhill Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail which can be accessed at Lawrence station in Lawrence, Massachusetts. There are two interchanges in Salem: Exit 1, which provides access to Rockingham Park Boulevard, and Exit 2, which providing access to Pelham Road. NH 111 crosses the extreme northern part of the town, connecting to Windham in the west and Hampstead in the east. NH 38 begins in Salem at NH 28 (Broadway) and goes southwest into the town of Pelham. NH 97 connects Salem to Haver Hill, Massachusetts, and NH 111 to Hampstead, New Hampshire, in the middle of the day. NH 28 follows Broadway through the Salem central business district, becoming Rockingham Road in the northern partof the town. NH 112 connects Salem with Methuen in the south and Windham to the west. NH 113 connects Salem and Wind Ham in the north. NH 114 connects Salem, Massachusetts with Hampstead to the east, and Salem to the north and south of the city to the city of Windham.NH 111 connects the town with Windham, Massachusetts in the center, and to the state of New Hampshire in the northeast. NH 98 connects the city with Wind Ham, Massachusetts and the state capital of Concord in the southeast, and the town to the south-east, and north-south, and east-to-west.

Education

Salem public schools spend $5,544 per student. The average school expenditure in the U.S. is $5.678. There are about 16.1 students per teacher in Salem.Southern New Hampshire University (Salem satellite campus) is located in the city. The school district also has a private school, Saint Joseph Regional Catholic School, and a private day school. The high school has about 1,000 students, and the private school has more than 1,100 students. The public school has around 1,200 students, with the majority of them in the high school class of 2013. The district has about 2,500 students in the middle school and high school classes, with many more in the elementary and middle school classes. It also has about 300 students in middle school, and about 300 in high school. It has a satellite campus at S.N.H. University, which has a campus in Salem, New Hampshire. It is also home to the University of New Hampshire, which is based in the town's downtown area. The city also has two private schools, one private school and one Catholic school, both of which are in the Salem School District. The town has a high school, Salem High School, with about 100 students in its senior class, and one private high school with about 50 students. It's also the home of the New Hampshire College of Arts and Sciences, which offers classes in English, Spanish, French and Spanish. It was founded in 1872.

Salem in popular culture

Scenes from The Thomas Crown Affair were filmed at the Salem glider airport, which is now Campbell's Scottish Highlands Golf Course. As mentioned in the film The Sting starring Paul Newman and Robert Redford, it was central to that film's plot. It was also used for the filming of The Godfather: Part II. It is now part of a golf course in the Scottish Highlands. The town was also the setting for the TV series "The Godfather" in the 1950s and 1960s. It has been the site of a number of other major events, including the opening and closing of the Reading and Leeds International Film Festival in the 1970s and 1980s. The city is also the location of the British Grand Prix, which took place in the late 1980s and early 1990s in the town of Salem. It also hosted the British Open Championship in the 1990s and the World Cup in the early 2000s.

Points of interest

America's Stonehenge is located in the town of Canobie, New York. The town is home to several parks, including Rockingham Park. The city is also home to the Manchester and Lawrence Railroad, a rail trail. It is also the site of the former site of Rockingham and Canobies Lake.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Salem, Rockingham County, New Hampshire = 72.9. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 20. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Salem = 3.4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 30,089 individuals with a median age of 41.6 age the population grows by 5.29% in Salem, Rockingham County, New Hampshire population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,209 residents per square mile of area (466.7/km²). There are average 2.62 people per household in the 11,228 households with an average household income of $72,480 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.80% of the available work force and has dropped -5.86% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 19.48%. The number of physicians in Salem per 100,000 population = 180.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Salem = 43.2 inches and the annual snowfall = 63 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 122. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 200. 84 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 12.8 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 53, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Salem, Rockingham County, New Hampshire which are owned by the occupant = 74.85%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 35 years with median home cost = $205,820 and home appreciation of -12.25%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $20.47 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $5,544 per student. There are 16.1 students for each teacher in the school, 263 students for each Librarian and 150 students for each Counselor. 8.63% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 17.65% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 7.75% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Salem's population in Rockingham County, New Hampshire of 2,041 residents in 1900 has increased 14,74-fold to 30,089 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.11% female residents and 49.89% male residents live in Salem, Rockingham County, New Hampshire.

    As of 2020 in Salem, Rockingham County, New Hampshire are married and the remaining 37.16% are single population.

  • 28.8 minutes is the average time that residents in Salem require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    88.35% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 6.92% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.16% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.31% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Salem, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, 74.85% are owner-occupied homes, another 20.55% are rented apartments, and the remaining 4.60% are vacant.

  • The 48.22% of the population in Salem, Rockingham County, New Hampshire who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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