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Watertown, South Dakota

  •   State: 
    South Dakota
    Codington County
      County all: 
    Codington | Hamlin
      County FIPS: 
    46029 | 46057
    44°54′12″N 97°7′14″W
      Area total: 
    26.09 sq mi
      Area land: 
    18.37 sq mi (47.57 km²)
      Area water: 
    7.98 sq mi (20.66 km²)
    1,729 ft (527 m)
    1879; Incorporated 1885
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Watertown, SD
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Watertown, Codington County, South Dakota, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,233.46 residents per square mile of area (476.25/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 

Watertown is a city in and the county seat of Codington County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 22,655 at the 2020 census, making Watertown the 5th largest city in South Dakota. Watertown was founded in 1879 as a rail terminus when the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad reactivated part of a line it had constructed to Lake Kampeska. The city was named after Watertown, New York, the hometown of brothers John E. Kemp and Oscar P. Kemp, two of the city's founders. It is home to the Redlin Art Center which houses many of the original art works produced by Terry Redlin, one of America's most popular wildlife artists. The median price for a home in Watertown is approximately $200,000. Water Town sits on the Big Sioux River and two major lakes, Pelican Lake and Lake Kampeksa. Most of Watertown also sits upon a short plateau, the elevation at Watertown Regional Airport is 1,745 feet. Although it is a humid city it is relatively dry for its climatic category, due to its position in the Great Plains, which still provides an even greater thermal amplitude, especially in the higher values. In the last decades the climate is configured as hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfa), although it had a warm-sum summer previously (Dfb). Although it has a relatively dry climate for its position, it is still very hot in the summer.


Watertown is the primary city name, but also Waverly are acceptable city names or spellings, Appleby, Foley, Grover, Kampeska, Pelican, Rauville on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The official name is Watertown, South Dakota. Watertown is located at 44°5412N 97°714W (44.903433, -97.120437), along the Big Sioux River. The elevation at Watertown Regional Airport is 1,745 feet. Watertown has been assigned the ZIP code 57201 and the FIPS place code 69300. The city has a total area of 25.04 square miles (64.85 km²), of which 17.45 sq miles (45.20 km²) is land and 7.59sq miles (19.66 km²") is water. Most of Watertown also sits upon a short plateau. It has two major lakes, Pelican Lake and Lake Kampeska. It is located in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers's 82nd Airborne Division, which is responsible for air defense operations in the Army National Guard, Air Force, Army Reserve, and National Guard Air Force. It also serves as a base for the Air Force Reserve National Guard and the Army Air Force National Guard. It was the site of the World War II Battle of the Bulge, which ended in December 1941. The town was founded in 1858 and was named after the town's founder, William Watertown, who was born in the area. The name Watertown is derived from the Watertown River, which runs through the city. The watertown area was once known as the "Watertown River" and is now the "Big Sioux River" or "The Big Sioux".


Watertown was founded in 1879 as a rail terminus. The city was named after Watertown, New York, the hometown of brothers John E. Kemp and Oscar P. Kemp, two of the city's founders. During the 1880s, Watertown prospered as a transportation hub after the railroads had been extended farther west. Watertown had been a candidate as capital of the new state of South Dakota, although it lost out to the more centrally located Pierre. In the mid-20th century, Interstate 29 was constructed through eastern South Dakota. The route included a slight bend to bring the interstate closer to Watertown. The interstate's construction has been a major economic benefit to the larger communities along its route, including Water Town. The Watertown Public Opinion, began publishing in 1887. The town's name was originally planned to be named Kampeska, but it was later changed by the city council. The current name of the town was chosen after the town's first post office was opened in 1881. It is located on the banks of the Missouri River, which was once known as the "Kampeska River" The city is located in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers-designated Superior Defense Area, which is part of the South Dakota Army National Guard. It has a population of about 2,000. It was the site of the World War II-era Battle of the Bulge, which took place in World War I.


In the last decades the climate is configured as hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfa) Although it is a humid city it is relatively dry for its climatic category, due to its position in the Great Plains, which still provides an even greater thermal amplitude, especially in the higher values. The city is located in the U.S. state of Kansas. It has a humid subtropical climate (Dfa), although it had a warm-summers previously (Dfb). The city has a hot summer (Df) and a cold winter (Dfc) in the summer months. The climate is dry in the winter months, but wet in the spring months. It is humid in the summers, but dry in winter months. Its climate is humid continental, but it has a warm summer and a dry winter month. It also has a wet winter month, and a wet summer month. The temperature is hot in the winters, but not as hot as the summers. The town has a dry summer month, but a dry winters month, as it is in the middle of the Great plains. The summer months are very dry, and the winters are very wet. The summers are very warm, but the winters can be very cold. The winters are long, with temperatures of up to 20 °C (32 °F) and the summers are hot, with highs of 20 °S (50 °E) and lows of 25 °D (50°F).


As of the census of 2010, there were 21,482 people, 9,278 households, and 5,563 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 94.4% White, 0.14% African American, 1.65% Asian,0.71% Pacific Islander, and 0.90% from two or more races. 47.1% of the population were of German, 19.8% Norwegian and 5.9% Irish ancestry. The city's median age was 36.6 years, and the per capita income was $18,994. In the city, the gender makeup was 49.2% male and 50.7% female. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was2.90. The population was spread out, with 25.9%. under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 27.9. from 25 to 44, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there are 96.6 males. For each 100 females age 18 and over there are 93.9 males. The median income for the city is $18.994. About 5.7%. of the residents were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18, and 11.0%. of those age 65 or over. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates the city's population to be 20,237, with 8,385 households.


Watertown has one public high school, Watertown High School, and one private boarding school, Great Plains Lutheran High School. Lake Area Technical College is a public technical school classified as a community college, offering degrees in areas such as Agriculture, Nursing, and Welding. There is also a satellite campus of Mount Marty College, a private Catholic school based in Yankton, South Dakota. The Watertown Regional Library is the town's main library, located on 6th St. NE, and open every day of the week. Watertown Middle School (7th and 8th grades) is the only public middle school in Watertown. The five public elementary schools include: Lincoln Elementary, Jefferson Elementary, Roosevelt Elementary, McKinnely Elementary, and Mellette Elementary. St. Martin's Lutheran School is a private Lutheran elementary school of the WELS, and Watertown Christian School is private non-denominational Christian elementary school. The community's Prairie Lakes Wellness Center, opened in 2017, is adjacent to the Middle School. There are multiple elementary schools in Water Town, including Immaculate Conception School and St.Martin's Lutheran Elementary. The town's public library is the Watertown regional library, and is located on Sixth St.NE, and opened in 2007. The watertown high school was a Catholic girls boarding school from 1967 to 1974. The high school's boarding school was Harmony Hill High School from 1967-1974, which is now part of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod.

Local media

The Watertown Public Opinion is the local daily newspaper. Watertown is home to a number of radio, television, and newspaper stations. The Watertown Post-Tribune is the town's main newspaper. It is published daily in Watertown, New York, and weekly in nearby Waukesha, Wisconsin. It was founded in 1852 and is based in Waukegan, Massachusetts. It has been published since 1852. It's published in both Waucken and Wauksha since 1854, and is published weekly in Wausau, Wisconsin, since 1855. It also publishes a weekly newspaper, the Waukeshawkin Post-Times, which is published every Wednesday. The newspaper is published in Wawkshawkawkin, New Jersey, and has a circulation of 1,000. It publishes a newspaper every day. It published its first newspaper in 1854. It began publication in 1855, and was published every week until 1856. It ceased publication in 1961. It continues to publish a newspaper each week, and publishes an online edition every other week. Since 1961, it has published an online version of its newspaper every week. The paper has published more than 2,000 articles. It now has a web site, which it also publishes in a sister paper, the Watertown Times-Republican, which also has a Web site. The town has a radio station, which broadcasts on FM and AM radio. The radio station broadcasts its news on the FM frequency.


Watertown also has one airport, Watertown Regional Airport, served by two commercial airlines. Local bus service is provided by the Watertown Area Transit Corporation. Watertown is located on the shores of Lake Kampeska. The city is located in the South Dakota portion of the state. It has a population of about 2,000 people, with the majority of its residents living in or near the city of Watertown. It is located near the intersection of two major highways: South Dakota Highway 139 and North Lake Drive, which runs along the west side of the lake. It also has a number of smaller roads, including 20th Avenue South and 29th Street Southeast, which run around the south side of Water Town. The Watertown area is also home to the University of South Dakota, which has a campus in Watertown, as well as other colleges and universities in the area. The town also has several small businesses, including a small grocery store, a bank, a post office, and a bank. The watertown area has one of the largest populations in the state, with about 1,200 people living in and around the city. The population of the city is about 3,000. It was founded in 1872. The first city to be named after a lake, Water Town, was in 1876. The current city is named after the town's first mayor, who was elected in 1878. The last mayor was elected again in 1881, and the current mayor is currently serving his third term in office.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Watertown, Codington County, South Dakota = 85.1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 33. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 99. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Watertown = 3.6 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 22,655 individuals with a median age of 37.3 age the population grows by 1.83% in Watertown, Codington County, South Dakota population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,233.46 residents per square mile of area (476.25/km²). There are average 2.32 people per household in the 8,702 households with an average household income of $42,684 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.00% of the available work force and has dropped -5.22% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 23.56%. The number of physicians in Watertown per 100,000 population = 209.3.


The annual rainfall in Watertown = 21.7 inches and the annual snowfall = 30.8 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 89. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 209. 83 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and -0.2 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 50, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Watertown, Codington County, South Dakota which are owned by the occupant = 59.93%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 34 years with median home cost = $111,470 and home appreciation of 1.10%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $15.42 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,090 per student. There are 15.6 students for each teacher in the school, 1880 students for each Librarian and 537 students for each Counselor. 7.94% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 15.18% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 5.59% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Watertown's population in Codington County, South Dakota of 3,352 residents in 1900 has increased 6,76-fold to 22,655 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.38% female residents and 49.62% male residents live in Watertown, Codington County, South Dakota.

    As of 2020 in Watertown, Codington County, South Dakota are married and the remaining 40.76% are single population.

  • 14.7 minutes is the average time that residents in Watertown require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    84.84% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 7.45% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.99% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.17% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Watertown, Codington County, South Dakota, 59.93% are owner-occupied homes, another 29.26% are rented apartments, and the remaining 10.81% are vacant.

  • The 78.55% of the population in Watertown, Codington County, South Dakota who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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