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Cleveland

Cleveland, Tennessee

  •   State: 
    Tennessee
      County: 
    Bradley County
      City: 
    Cleveland
      County FIPS: 
    47011
      Coordinates: 
    35°10′17″N 84°52′16″W
      Area total: 
    30.87 sq mi (79.96 km²)
      Area land: 
    30.86 sq mi (79.94 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.01 sq mi (0.02 km²)
      Elevation: 
    860 ft (260 m)
      Established: 
    1835; Incorporated 1842
  •   Latitude: 
    35,1746
      Longitude: 
    -84,8778
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Cleveland, TN
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    37311
    37312
    37320
    37323
      GMAP: 

    Cleveland, Bradley County, Tennessee, United States

  •   Population: 
    47,356
      Population density: 
    1,534.34 residents per square mile of area (592.41/km²)
      Household income: 
    $33,332
      Households: 
    16,494
      Unemployment rate: 
    9.50%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    9.25%

Cleveland is the county seat of and largest city in Bradley County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 47,356 at the 2020 census. It is the principal city of the Cleveland metropolitan area, Tennessee (consisting of Bradley and neighboring Polk County) Cleveland is the sixteenth-largest city in Tennessee and has the fifth-largest industrial economy, having thirteen Fortune 500 manufacturers. It was named after Colonel Benjamin Cleveland, a commander at the Battle of Kings Mountain during the American Revolution. The city is home to the Andrew Taylor Place, the home of Andrew Taylor, the founder of the University of Tennessee at Knoxville. The Cleveland area was once part of a large territory occupied by the Cherokee Nation, an Iroquoian-speaking people believed to have migrated south from the Great Lakes area. The first Europeans to reach the area now occupied by Cleveland and Bradley County were most likely a 1540 expedition through the interior led by Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto. In 1832, the Cherokee moved the seat of their government to the Red Clay Council Grounds in southern Bradley County. It operated there until the Cherokee removal in 1838, part of the larger forced migration of Cherokee to Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) This became known as the Trail of Tears. The former Cherokee seat is now preserved within Red Clay State Park. The legislative act on February 10, 1836, which was created for Colonel Edward Bradley of Shelby County, authorized the establishment of Cleveland as a county seat.

History

Cleveland and Bradley County were once part of a large territory occupied by the Cherokee Nation. The first Europeans to reach the area were most likely a 1540 expedition through the interior led by Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto. In 1819 the Cherokee ceded the land directly north of present-day Bradley County (and north of the Hiwassee River) to the U.S. government in the Calhoun Treaty. By the 1830s, white settlers had begun to move rapidly into this area in anticipation of a forced relocation of the Cherokee and other Southeast tribes. The removal was initiated by the Treaty of New Echota on December 29, 1835, although the majority of Cherokee leaders had not approved it. In the Spring of 1838, removal operations by the US military began. Thousands of Cherokees were rounded up and held in internment camps located between Cleveland and Charleston. Some Cherokee had already moved to the West, where they were known as Old Settlers until reunification of the Nation. It was part of the larger forced migration of Cherokee to Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) This became known as the Trail of Tears. The former Cherokee seat is now preserved within Red Clay State Park. The county seat of Bradley County was named after Colonel Edward Bradley of Shelby County, Tennessee. The city of Cleveland was formally established as the county seat by the state legislature on January 20, 1838. A permanent settlement had been established there in 1835 and became a favored stopping place for travelers.

Geography

Cleveland is located in southeast Tennessee in the center of Bradley County in the Great Appalachian Valley. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total land area of 26.9 square miles (69.7 km²) in 2010. The area's terrain is made up of parallel ridges, including Candies Creek Ridge (also called Clingan Ridge), Mouse Creek/Lead Mine Ridge, and Blue Springs Ridge. The Tennessee Valley Divide, the boundary of the Tennessee Valley and Mobile River drainage basins, is located on the southern and eastern fringes of the city, and has prevented the city limits from expanding beyond this point in most locations. Since 1908, 28 tornadoes have been documented in the Cleveland area, seven of which struck on April 27, 2011. People living in East Cleveland tend to be less privileged than those living in the city's northern and western areas. The city is located among a series of low hills and ridges roughly 15 miles (24 km) west of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The Hiwassee River, which flows down out of the mountains and forms the northern boundary ofBradley County, empties into the Tennessee a few miles northwest of Cleveland. Several neighborhoods and communities are located within the city. These include:Several neighborhoods are located in the northern part of Cleveland, which includes parts of the Cleveland Commercial Historic District, the Cleveland Municipal Building, Cleveland Police and Fire department headquarters, and various other government buildings, primarily the offices of city and county departments.

Demographics

Cleveland is the principal city of the Cleveland Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan area that covers Bradley and Polk counties and had a combined population of 115,788 at the 2010 census. As of the census of 2010, there were 41,285 people, 16,107 households, and 10,063 families residing in the city. The city is located in a region of the Southern United States known as the Bible Belt. Numerous Protestant Christian denominations are represented in Cleveland, including several Pentecostal groups for which the city is named. Cleveland is located on the Ohio Turnpike, which runs through the city and into the state of Ohio. The turnpike is one of the busiest roads in the U.S. and connects Cleveland to the rest of the country. The Turnpikes are a major artery in the state, carrying the Ohio River, Ohio River and Ohio River. The Ohio River is also a major source of drinking water for the city, as it is the only major river that runs through Cleveland. The Cleveland area is home to the Ohio State University, which was founded in 1876. The University of Ohio is a member of the College Football Hall of Fame, having been founded in 1897. It is the oldest college in the United States, having opened its doors in 1875. The university's football stadium opened in 1881. The football stadium was the site of the first professional football game, played by the Cleveland Cavaliers in 1883. It was the first high school to open in 1887.

Economy

Cleveland is considered to be one of the largest industrial and manufacturing hubs in the state of Tennessee. Whirlpool, Johnston Coca-Cola, Mars, Inc., Procter & Gamble, Duracell, Peyton's Southeastern, Arch Chemicals, Renfro Foods, Flowers Bakery, Olin Corporation, Georgia Pacific, Rubbermaid, Exel, Inc. In total, Cleveland contains more than 150 manufacturing firms and thirteen Fortune 500 Companies. Hardwick Clothes, the oldest tailor-made clothing maker in America, was founded in 1880 and has been headquartered in Cleveland for its entire history. Bradley Square Mall is a shopping mall with more than 50 tenants. The Ocoee River was the site of the canoe slalom events for the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta. Red Clay State Park is a historical site just north of the Georgia state line. The Cherokee held council here after being driven out of Georgia. The Museum Center at Five Points is a history museum and cultural center that features exhibits on the Ooee Region and surrounding areas. Thousands of people raft these rivers annually. It houses over 100 types of trees, plants, flowers, and shrubs. It is a state-certified arboretum with over 100 kinds of trees and plants. Visitors come from all over the country and Cleveland has a thriving retail sector, located mostly in the northern part of the city. Tourism is a major part of Cleveland's income, with many recreational outdoor activities.

Arts and culture

The MainStreet Cleveland Halloween Block Party draws more than 20,000 people to the city every year. The Cleveland Apple Festival, begun in 2002, is an annual family event held on the third weekend of October. In 2015 Cleveland's mayor, Tom Rowland, dubbed the city as the "Halloween capital of the world" The city song is "The Diplomat", composed by John Philip Sousa. In November 2017, the city celebrated its 175th anniversary. The city is known for Tall Betsy, the official "H Halloween goblin of Bradley County" The original legend dates to the 19th century, with print references in the Cleveland Daily Herald as early as 1892. In 1998, Tall Betsy retired after drawing a crowd of over 25,000People. She returned in 2005 to celebrate her 25th anniversary, and in 2007 she returned again for a 25th birthday celebration. She is now retired again, but will return in 2017 for another 25-year anniversary. She was retired in 1998, but returned again in 2005 for a 20th anniversary celebration. In 2007, she returned for a 30th anniversary appearance. She has been retired once again, and will be retired in 2017. She will be buried in a plot of land owned by the Cleveland Museum of Natural and Cultural History. In 2010, she was given a $10,000 grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities. In 2012, she received a $5,000 gift from the Cleveland Foundation. In 2013, she gave a $3,500 gift to the Cleveland Children's Museum.

Sports

Cleveland has no professional sports teams, but has had two minor league baseball teams. The Cleveland High and Bradley Central wrestling teams traditionally dominate the state wrestling championships. Cleveland High School has the second-longest winning streak in Tennessee high school football history, with 54 consecutive wins between 1993 and 1996. The Blue Raiders were state champions for the second time in three years after winning the 2013 TSSAA Division I Traditional State Championships and the State Duals Finals. The team was runner-up in both the Duals and State Tournaments in 2012, after claiming the Traditional title in 2011. In 2013, the Cleveland City Council presented a resolution honoring the Cleveland High school wrestling team, and declared February 25 as "Blue Raider Wrestling Day" The Cleveland Counts from 1911 to 1913 and the Cleveland Manufacturers from 1921 to 1922. Both of these teams were part of the Appalachian League and played in the minor league Appalachian League. The Browns have won a total of 26 traditional championships, most recently in 2020. Since 1994, the Bradley Central Bears have won 27 state championships Traditional category and 14 state championships in the Dual category. They have accomplished three-peats twice, from 2011 to 2013 and then again from 2018 to 2021. They won a state championship every year in the Traditional category between 1993 to 2017. They were runner-ups in 2012 and 2013, and won the Traditional state title in 2012. The Bears have also won the Dual state title three times, in 1994, 1995 and 2008.

Parks and recreation

The Cleveland/Bradley County Greenway is an approximately 4.4 mile long greenway path which follows South Mouse Creek from downtown to neighborhoods in the northern part of the city. Other facilities include the Bradley County Park, Kenneth L. Tinsley Park, Greenway Park, Mosby Park, Deer Park, College Hill Recreation Center, Johnston Park, Leonard Fletcher Park, Taylor Spring Park, Cleveland Family YMCA, and the South Cleveland Community Center. They are all maintained by the Cleveland Parks and Recreation department. They allow a variety of activities, and some organized sports teams compete at them. The city's parks and recreation department is responsible for many of the parks in the city, as well as many others in the county. The parks are open to the public, and are free to use. The Cleveland Parks & Recreation department is also responsible for most of the park facilities in the state of Ohio, including the Cleveland Zoo, Cleveland Botanical Garden, Cleveland Children's Museum, and Cleveland Public Library. The park system is funded by the City of Cleveland, the Cleveland Foundation, and a number of private foundations. It is the largest city park system in the U.S., with more than 2,000 acres of park space. It was founded in 1883. The first park was built in Cleveland, Ohio, and is located on the banks of the Ohio River. The current park system was established in 1887. It covers an area the size of the former city of Cleveland.

Government

The city of Cleveland operates under a council/manager form of government with an elected mayor and seven council members. The mayor is Kevin Brooks, who has held that position since September 2018, and the vice mayor is at-large councilman Avery Johnson. The city council hires a professional city manager to carry out daily operations. Elections are nonpartisan and take place in August of every even year, along with the state primary. Most of Cleveland is in the 4th congressional district of Tennessee for the U.S. House of Representatives, represented by Republican Scott DesJarlais. A small amount of the city, including East Cleveland and northeast Cleveland, are in the 3rd congressional district, representedby Republican Chuck Fleischmann. most of Cleveland has historically been majority-Republican since the Civil War, as has most of East Tennessee. Only two Democratic presidential candidates have won Bradley County; Southerner Woodrow Wilson in 1912 and Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1936. As a whole, Tennessee was considered part of the Solid South. Through much of the 20th century, Middle and West Tennessee were majority Democrat, which Democrats were made up of conservative whites. Both areas had been slave societies, and WestTennessee was dominated by large cotton plantations, whereas East Tennessee was based in yeoman farmers and little slaveholding. A city council member is chosen by the city council to serve as vice mayor; the city manager is Joe Fivas, who's been in the position since June 2016. The council chooses a fellow council member to serve in that position.

Education

Cleveland City Schools is a school system for students living within the city limits. Several elementary schools serve students within different sub-district divisions. Cleveland State Community College is a unit of the Tennessee Board of Regents. Lee University is the second-largest private, four-year university in the state. Tennessee Christian Preparatory School is a Christian college preparatory school located in Cleveland. Cleveland Middle, Ocoee Middle and Lake Forest are the three middle schools. Some schools maintained by Bradley County Schools are also in the city. The city is also home to Cleveland Christian School, Candies Creek Academy, Bowman Hills Adventist School and Shenandoah Baptist Academy. It is home to the Tennessee Christian School of the Bible, which is a private Christian school. It also has a Christian high school, Walker Valley High School, and a Christian middle school, which are located in Bradley County. It has a public high school and a private high school for high school students, as well as private schools for college students and pre-school students. The Cleveland City School District was established in the 1950s. It was the first school district in Tennessee. The district has been in operation since the 1960s. Cleveland City Schools was founded in the 1970s. The school system is part of the Bradley County School District, which was formed in the 1980s. In the 1990s, the school system was expanded to include a number of other school districts in the county. It now has a total of 12 schools.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Cleveland, Bradley County, Tennessee = 83. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 53. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 98. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Cleveland = 4.7 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 47,356 individuals with a median age of 35.8 age the population grows by 6.99% in Cleveland, Bradley County, Tennessee population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,534.34 residents per square mile of area (592.41/km²). There are average 2.29 people per household in the 16,494 households with an average household income of $33,332 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 9.50% of the available work force and has dropped -6.03% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 18.44%. The number of physicians in Cleveland per 100,000 population = 163.1.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Cleveland = 54.4 inches and the annual snowfall = 2.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 128. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 209. 88 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 27.2 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 38, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Cleveland, Bradley County, Tennessee which are owned by the occupant = 47.76%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 31 years with median home cost = $105,930 and home appreciation of -2.44%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $6.29 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $4,456 per student. There are 16.4 students for each teacher in the school, 435 students for each Librarian and 405 students for each Counselor. 6.31% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 14.51% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 8.11% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Cleveland's population in Bradley County, Tennessee of 3,858 residents in 1900 has increased 12,27-fold to 47,356 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.26% female residents and 47.74% male residents live in Cleveland, Bradley County, Tennessee.

    As of 2020 in Cleveland, Bradley County, Tennessee are married and the remaining 44.41% are single population.

  • 19.2 minutes is the average time that residents in Cleveland require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    83.69% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 11.59% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.09% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.87% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Cleveland, Bradley County, Tennessee, 47.76% are owner-occupied homes, another 43.46% are rented apartments, and the remaining 8.78% are vacant.

  • The 56.11% of the population in Cleveland, Bradley County, Tennessee who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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