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Colchester, Vermont

  •   State: 
    Chittenden County
      County FIPS: 
    44°32′31″N 73°11′48″W
      Area total: 
    58.6 sq mi (151.7 km²)
      Area land: 
    36.3 sq mi (94.1 km²)
      Area water: 
    22.2 sq mi (57.6 km²)
    95 ft (29 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Burlington-South Burlington, VT
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Colchester, Chittenden County, Vermont, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    300 residents per square mile of area (120/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Colchester is a town in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. The town is directly to Burlington's north on the eastern shore of Lake Champlain, to the west of the Green Mountains. The Vermont National Guard is based in the town, and it is also home to Saint Michael's College and the Vermont campus of Southern New Hampshire University. As of the 2020 census, the population of Colchester was 17,524. Colchester is located on the shore of Malletts Bay, part of Lakechamplain. The westernmost part of the town touches the New York state border in the middle of the lake. To the northwest, across the eastern arm of theLake, lies the town of South Hero in Grand Isle County. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates that Colchester has a total area of 58.6 square miles (151.7 km²), of which 36.3 squaremile (94.1 km²) is land and 22.2 square mile (57.6km²), or 38.0%, is water. In 2007, the town was fourth in the state in 2007 with $245.8 million in retail sales. Major employers in Colchester include the VNA of Chittendeden & Grand Isle Counties, Saint Michael’s College, Costco Wholesale Corporation, Green Mountain Power, Shaw's Supermarket, and Champlain Cable Corporation. In 2011, the median home value was $246,269, and the median value of the home was $269,269.


Winooski Falls separated from the town of Colchester in 1922, causing Colchester to lose a large percentage of its population to the newly founded city of Winooska. The town was named for the Earl ofColchester. It was chartered June 7, 1763, and was named after the Falls. It is located in the U.S. state of New York. It has a population of about 2,000. The city was founded in 1922 and is located on the banks of the Susquehannock River, which runs through the center of the town. It also has a lake, which was once known as the Colchester River, and a river, which once ran through the middle of the city, which is now called the Winoooski River and was once part of the Eureka River. It's located in New York State, and the town was once called Colchester, New York, but is now known as Winoski Falls, New Jersey. It suffered a population loss of about 1,000 when it was separated from Colchester and became a city in 1922. It now has a total population of around 2,200, and is the largest city in the state, with a population center of about 3,000, according to the city's official statistics. The Winoskis live in an area known as "Winoooshki Falls," which was established in the early 20th century. The area was originally called "Winoski" and was the site of the Winosksi River.


Colchester is located on the shore of Malletts Bay, part of Lake Champlain. The westernmost part of the town touches the New York state border in the middle of the lake. Chittenden County communities bordering Colchester are Milton to the northeast, Westford touching the easternmost point of Colchester, Essex to the southeast, and the cities of South Burlington, Winooski, and Burlington to the south. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Colchester has a total area of 58.6 square miles (151.7 km²), of which 36.3square miles (94.1 km²) is land and 22.2 square miles of land (57.6 km 2) is water. The town has a population of 2,816. It is the largest town in New York State, with the population of the city of Burlington being the second-largest city in the state, after New York City. Colchester is home to the New England Patriots football team, which is based in the town of Burlington, New York. It also has a baseball team, the St. Patrick's Day Patriots, who play in the New Hampshire National Football League. The city has a football stadium, which was built in the 1930s. It was named after the town's first postmaster, who died in World War II. It has a post office, which opened in the 1940s. The U.N. World Heritage Site is located in Colchester and is a UNESCO World Heritage site.


As of the census of 2010, there were 17,067 people, 6,576 households, and 4,184 families residing in the town. As of the 2000 census, 34.1% of households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% were non-families. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was2.96. In the town, the population was spread out, with 22.6% under the Age of 18, 16. 2% from 18 to 24, 32. 1% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 6.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there are 96.0 males. For each 100 females age 18 and over, there is 95.0 Males. The town is located on the U.S.-Mexico border. It is located near the border of the state of New Mexico and New Mexico. It was the site of a U.N. World War II encampment. It has a population of about 17,000 people, and is home to a military base. It also has a military air base, which was used during the Second World War as a staging area for the American invasion of Afghanistan. The military base was used as a training ground for the first time in World War I.


Colchester was fourth in the state in 2007 with $245.8 million in retail sales. Major employers in the town include the VNA of Chittenden & Grand Isle Counties, Saint Michael's College, Costco Wholesale Corporation, Green Mountain Power, Shaw's Supermarket, and Champlain Cable Corporation. The lakeshore areas of Colchester get an influx of vacationers every summer from southern New England and the New York City area. There has been an annual "Lake Champlain International Father's Day Fishing Derby" (LCI) since 1981. Niquette Bay State Park offers hiking and swimming in Lake Champlain. In 2011, the median home value was $246,269. The median household income for Colchester was $68,440; the per capita income was $30,877. About 5.4% of families, 8.2% of those under age 18, and 9.7% of. those age 65 or over (total of 10.6% of the population) were below the poverty line. In 2009, 6,000 fishermen entered the LCI, which has been running since 1981, and attracted more than 5,000 visitors in 2010. The town has a population of 4,000. It is located in the northern part of the Champlain Valley and is located on the eastern edge of the Adirondack Mountains. It has an elevation of 1,400 feet (400 meters) and an area of 2,000 square miles (3,000 km).


In the Vermont state legislature, Colchester residents are represented by Senator Richard Mazza (D) and Representatives Curt Taylor (D), Seth Chase, Sarita Austin, and Patrick Brennan (R) as of June, 2021. Colchester has a population of 2,000 people. The town is located in the town of Chittenden County, Vermont. It is located on Vermont's eastern coast, near the border with New Hampshire. The city's population is about 2,200 people, with a population growth rate of about 1.7 percent per year. In the town's history, it has been known as "Colchester" or "The Town of Colchester" for more than a century. It has been the site of the U.S. Civil War, and the Battle of St. Albans in the 17th century. In 18th century, the town was known as the "Town of the Crossroads" and "The Crossroads of the World" for its strategic location. It was also known as Colchester, Vermont, for its role in the Revolutionary War. The name Colchester is now used to refer to a town in the state of Vermont, which was once part of the United States. The word Colchester means "peaceful" in English. It also means "home" in French, "chauffeur," "council," or "town," and "town" in the French language. In English, the word "colchester" is used to mean "town or village".


Around 2,200 children attend the five schools in Colchester's school district. The district consists of one high school, Colchester High School, one middle school, and three elementary schools. Saint Michael's College is located here. Southern New Hampshire University Vermont Center is home to the field-based graduate program in education. Colchester is located in New Hampshire's Upper Valley region. It is located on the New Hampshire Turnpike, which runs from New Hampshire to Maine. The town's population is around 6,000. It has a population of about 2,000, with most of its residents living in the town of Colchester. It also has a number of other small towns and hamlets in the region, such as Porters Point, Malletts Bay, and Union Memorial, which are all in the Upper Valley area of New Hampshire. The city has a reputation for being a good place to live and to work, and has a good reputation for its quality of life. It was founded in 1788. It's located in the U.S. state of Vermont, which was once part of the state of New England, and is now part of New Jersey. It had a long history of being a center for education, particularly in the early 20th century. It opened its doors to the University of Vermont in 1875. It now has a campus in Vermont Center, home of the Vermont Center for the Study of Education, which offers a graduate degree program in the field of education.


Interstate 89 passes through the area, with exits 16 and 17 serving Colchester. In the southeastern part of Colchester, and also along the US Route 7 corridor, bus service is provided by Green Mountain Transit. Vermont Translines provides scheduled bus service to Albany, New York via Burlington, as well as Hanover, New Hampshire and Lebanon, New Hampshire via a transfer at Rutland. The town of Winooski is located in the northern part of the state, just north of the border with New York State. It is located on the eastern edge of the Adirondacks, and is home to a number of ski resorts. The city has a population of about 2,000, with the majority of its residents living in Colchester and the surrounding areas. It was the site of the first U.S. Air Force base in the United States, which was established in the mid-19th century. It has since been home to the National Guard, which is based in the nearby town of Rutland, N.H. It also has a base of operations in the town of Burlington, where it was founded in the early 20th century, and the town's airport, which opened in the late 20th Century. The Colchester area is also home to several ski resorts, one of which is the resort town of Champlain. The Champlain Islands can be seen from Interstate 89, which goes west to the Champlain islands and north to New York and New England.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Colchester, Chittenden County, Vermont = 72.9. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 70. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 20. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Colchester = 3 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 17,524 individuals with a median age of 36.7 age the population grows by 2.13% in Colchester, Chittenden County, Vermont population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 300 residents per square mile of area (120/km²). There are average 2.44 people per household in the 6,445 households with an average household income of $62,121 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 5.10% of the available work force and has dropped -2.48% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 29.94%. The number of physicians in Colchester per 100,000 population = 462.3.


The annual rainfall in Colchester = 39.4 inches and the annual snowfall = 82.6 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 163. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 159. 80 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 6.6 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 56, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Colchester, Chittenden County, Vermont which are owned by the occupant = 63.87%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 31 years with median home cost = $189,090 and home appreciation of -1.78%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $19.14 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $6,243 per student. There are 13.7 students for each teacher in the school, 233 students for each Librarian and 220 students for each Counselor. 11.37% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 21.53% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 11.33% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Colchester's population in Chittenden County, Vermont of 5,352 residents in 1900 has increased 3,27-fold to 17,524 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.92% female residents and 49.08% male residents live in Colchester, Chittenden County, Vermont.

    As of 2020 in Colchester, Chittenden County, Vermont are married and the remaining 44.03% are single population.

  • 21.7 minutes is the average time that residents in Colchester require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    81.58% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 9.66% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.28% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.24% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Colchester, Chittenden County, Vermont, 63.87% are owner-occupied homes, another 26.65% are rented apartments, and the remaining 9.48% are vacant.

  • The 35.01% of the population in Colchester, Chittenden County, Vermont who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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